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in Woods. The Leaves of both Plants are pointed. Those two Shrubs have ligneous Sta!ks, the Branches whereof come near the Colour and Figure of those of Licorish: They have a gluish Savour, and are bitter and odoriferous. The Flowers of both Plants come out at the End of the Branches, and look like Roses.

As for the Virtues of the wild Afh-tree, its Leaves do admirably purge, in the same Quantity as those of Senn, and do not occasion such a violent griping of the Gurs, because Sena growing in a hor Climate, has not so much Phlegm, and abounds more with Acrimonious Sales. On the coverary, the wild Al Tree is full of Tartareous: Sulphur, and Armoniack Salt, unired together with a flammy Phlegm ; foc i affords, through a Chymical AnalyGs, a great deal of Oil and Acid Phlegm. And therefore I mays very well affirm, having tried its Puigative: Virtue upon several Persons, that this kind of Sena, which is fo common in France, ought to be preferred to that, which is brought into this Kingdom from Alexandria, Tripoli, and Italy.

ARTICLE XV,

RO-V E N.

A

N Historical Discourse concerning the Election

of the Emperor, and the Electors of the Em. pire, has been reprinted here.

Discours Historique de l'Election de l'Empereur des Ele&teurs de l'Empire, par le Resident in Brandebourg, Rouen, 1711. 12mo. pag. 612.

This Book was printed the frst time in 1658. in 480. The Famous M. de Wicquefort is the Author of it.

F

BARIS,

PAR I S.

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State of the Empire, &c. That Author is very methodical, and his Book is written with great Perspicuity. He criticizes several Paisages in the History of the Empire published by M. Heiss, without pretending to lessen the Merit of that Historian.

L'Etat present de l' Empire, l'on voit fon origine, fen établissement, les progrès, ses revolutions, les droits de l'Empercur, du Roy des Romains, des Electeurs, des Princes des autres Etats, qui le composent ; la maniere do convoquer & de tenir les Diettes, les cérémonies qui s? obfervent à l' Election & au Couronnement de P. Empereur ; & generalement tout ce qui regarde la forme du Gouveronement Germanique : Avec une Criti. que de plusieurs points importans de l'Histoire de M. Heiß. Le tout extrait des anciennes Constitution's Impcriales, de la Bulle d'Or, & des ouvrages des meilleurs Auteurs qui ayent écrit sur cette matiere. Par M. l'Abbé de Veyrac. Paris 1711. in 12mo. pagj.

360.

,

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ARTICLE

ARTICLE XVI.

AN HISTORICAL ACCOUNT,

never before publisb’d, of the Life and Trial of MICHAEL SERYETUS. In Several Letters to * * * * By the Aua thor of these Memoirs. The Firft Letter may be seen above, Art. X.

Letter II.

2

SIRI TH

HOSE, who call the Episcopal Gover

ment of the Church of England, her Excellent Liturgy, and some few Decent Ceremonies, a Reu mainder of Popery, are blinded by Prejudices, and have a wrong Nocion of Things. But whoever mainrains, that the violent Zeal of some Protestants in the XVIth Century was a Remainder of Popery, speaks a great Truth. It was a pernicious Error, which they had imbibed in the Church of Rome. I think, Sir, if may be said, without doing any Injustice to that Church, That she is in a great measure answerable for the Execution of Servetus. If the Roman Catholicks had never put any body to Death on account of Reli. gion, I dare say, thar Servetus would not have been tried in a Protestant City. Let us remember that Cal

vin

! I have observed in one of my Papers, That Calvin was no Enemy co Episcopacy; for which that fulci pus Reformer is very much to be commended.

vin, and all the Magistrates of Geneva in the Year 1553, were born and bred up in the Church of Rome. This is the best Apology that can be made for them. ū.

Dr. Servetus having made his Escape from the Prison of Vienne, resolved to retire to Naples, and to practise Phytick among his Countrymen settled in that City: He took the Way of Geneva, and arrived there on Foot, having left off Riding at a Place called Le Luyset, where he lay the Night before He lodged ar the Rose-Inn, designing to hire a Boat the next Day in hisg Way to Zurich. I have not been able to know

upon what Day he came to Geneva. 'Tis highly probable, that he rather chose to go to Naples by the Way of Switzerland than by that of Piedmont, because he hoped that in case he should be discovered, the Protestants would be more merciful to him than the Papists. But he was very much mistaken; for Calvin being informed that he was in Town, acquainted the First Syndic with it, and caus. ed him to be apprehended. He was immediately comınitted to Prilon. He had abour him Ninery seven Gold-Pieces, a Gold-Chain weighing about Twenty Crowns,' and Six Gold-Rings. It was reporred * in Switzerland, thar Servetus went to Church, and was from thence carried to Prilon: Bur'tis certain, by his own Confeffion, that he did not aprear any where in publick, for Fear of being discovered.

Why

* This Circumstance is to be found in a Book entiiled, Contra Libelum Galvini, in quo oftendere conatur, Hodo reticos jure gladii coercendos effe. That Book was printed in Switzerland in the Year 1554. and reprinted in Hole land in the Year +617 in tamo. I make use of this Jaft Edicion, Numb. 61. The first Edition is more fcarce than the second, and may be rockoned atnong Curlous Books.

Why did he go to Geneva: will you say. He knew that Calvin was his great Enemy: He knew he had been apprehended in France by the Intrigues of that Reformer: He could not be ignoränt that Calvin had a great Authority at Geneva, &c. I own, Sir, that Dr. Servetus appears guilty of a great Imprudence. I fhall only observe, that he designed to make no stay at Goneva ; that he might very well hope he should not be discovered in fo Thort a Time and that, in all Probability, he did not think he should be: prosecured in that City for a Book which he had printed in France.

It were to be wished, that Calvin had caused that Heretick to be apprehended, not in order to get him prosecured and condemned to Death, buc to reclaim him from his Herefy. That Illuftrious Reformer, being a Man of great Parts, might have made an excellent Discourse in the Presence of Servetus, and of all the Magistrates of Geneva. He might have represented to that - Physician, That the Doctrine of the Trinity was not a Popis Doctrine, as he called it, bur the common Opinion of all Christian Churches ; That a Mystery ought not to be rejected, merely because it is incomprehensible ; That we believe many Things in Nature, tho' they are above the Reach of human Reason; That his own System was extremely obscure and almost unintelligible ; That he was very much to blame for using many unbecoming Expressions ; That he was tranfported with a violent and indiscreer Zeal; That God Almighty had been very propicious to him, in not permitting that he should fall. a Sacrifice to the Fury of Men drunk with the Blood of the Saints

3 That for his own Part he blessed God for his Deli. verance, hoping it would be a Warning to him, and a powerful Means to reclaim him from his Errors; That he was glad to see him in a Protestant City, among thofe Chriftians, who do nor defire the Death of a Heretick, but rather that he should be converted and live, &c. &c. I should be wonderfully pleased to find a Discourse of this Nature among the Works of that Great Man.

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