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relating to that Subject, which he had in his Library. He fer: a particular Value upon the Books of the famous Agrippa, entitled de Philosophia occulta, The Fourth runs only upon Magick. But I shewed him immediately, that Agrippa is not the Author of that impertinent Book, which is not to be found in the Folio Edition, that confifts only of Three Books. 'Tis a surprising Thing, that a Book stuffed with Extravagancies should make an Impression upon several People, and that they should be lo weak, as to read ir very seriously.

-Tis not long since an Officer of the Parliament of Paris brought me the famous Book call’d, The Claviculæ of Solomon, out of which some other Books have been forged by some Impoftors of these latter Times. That MS Copy, which is a Folio Book very well written, comes from Thuanus's Library, where ir is carefully preserved, and shewed to the Curious as a valuable Piece. How many foolish Things and Impertinencies have I found in those Famous Clavicula, wherein one may see the Figures of the Genii, and the ridiculous Prayers addressed to them! The foolish Book printed in French at Rouen, under the Name of the Curate of Milemont, is only an Extract of those clavicule and of the Book ascribed to Agrippa. You can hardly believe how many people of both Sexes in Normandy have been spoiled by reading the Book of that Curate. They make use of it chiefly to find out Treasures with the Help of some Genii ; pretending that when they have mum. bled some Nonsenfical Words, looking on a certain Part of Heaven, those Genii. will appear to them.

My mentioning the Curate of Milemont, puts me in mind of several Curates, especially in the Coun

who are too Zealous, and pretend to unbewitch simple Women. Tho' that pretended Bewitching is only a Distemper of the Imagination, they use several Ancient Prayers of the Church to cure an imaginary Disease, which should be cured by Physiçians. I knew a Curate near the Town where you


live, at whose House there was on certain Days of the Year a great Concourse of Women, who pretended to be bewitched. Ever since he died, the Number of bewitched Women is much less than it


I shall conclude this Letter with a pleasant Story about Witchcraft. A Man, hated by his Neighbours, was accused of being a great Sorcerer. His Accusers pretended to prove the Charge by undeniable Arguments. They had seen a Broom, and some Grease, in the Corner of his Chimney, and some Wafers upon the Mantle-tree. The Broom, faid they, served him to go to the Devil's Meeting ; which is called, Riding upon the Broom (Chevaucher le Balai, ou l' Escouette,)." As for the Grease, They pretended that he rubbed himself with it, as all Sorcerers do. The Wafers, said they, are used by him for some impious Thing. But that Man came off very cleverly. The Broom (said he, in Answer to his Accusers,) serves me to fweep my Chimney, I have got the Itch; and therefore I rub my Skin with that Grease. As for the Wafers, I make use of them to seal my Letters. Moft Trials about Witchcraft, in the Diftrict of your Parliament, are not better grounded than this. Can any one believe, that as soon as it comes into a Shepherd's Head to put a Broom between his Legs, the Devil is obliged to fetch him away, or to send one of his Agents to carry him to his Meeting? Believe me, Sir; If the Devil had a mind to make an Apology for himself, he would easily shew, that Men ascribe to him a Thousand Things, of which he is not the Author.

PARIS 1572.

The Readers will find a curious Piece concerning Witchcraft, extracted from the Archives of Geneva, in the first Volume, Art. XLVII.




never before publisb’d, of the Life of and Trial of MICHAEL SERVETUS, In several Letters to * * * *. By the Au, thor of these Memoirs.,

Letter I.


N order to satisfy your Curiosity, I shall freely

communicate to you all the Discoveries that I have made concerning the Famous Hererick, Michael Servetus, besides what I have inserted in my Account of the Bibliotheque Critique : And tho it be a a Subject that will afford Måtter for several Reflections, yet I shall hardly make any, being contented to relate Hiftorical Facts, and leaving it to you to make your Observations upon them.

MICHAEL SERVETUS was born in the Year * 1509. at Villanueva + in Arragon. His Father, who was a Notary, sent him to the University of Toulouse, to study the Civil Law. Servetus began


+ See Servetus in the Index.

He said during his Trial, the 28th of Auguft1553, that he was then 44 Years of Age.

+ Tluanus and several other Authors say, He was born at Tarragona; which is a Miftake.

to read the Bible then, which he had never done before. It does not appear that there were any Antitrinitarians in France, or any where else at that Time; and therefore it is not improbable that he himself broached the new Doctrine, for which he was put to Death afterwards. Perhaps he applied himTelf to read the Holy Scripture, because the Reformation made a great Noise in France ; and being sensible that the Church wanted to be reformed, ’tis not unlikely that he went so far, of his own Head, as to fancy that the Trinity was one of those Doctrines that were to be rejected.

to be rejected. However it be, he grew very fond of his Opinions; and after he had been Two or Three Years at Toulouse, he resolved to retire into Germany, and to set up for a Reformer. He went to Basil by the way of Lyons and Geneva ; and having had some Conferences at Bafil with Oecolampadius, he set out for Strasburg, being extremely desirous to discourse with Bucer and Capito, two celebrated Reformers of thar City. At his Departure from Bafil, he left a Manuscript, which he had written against the Trinity, in the Hands of Conrad Roufs a Bookseller, who sent it af, terwards to Haguenau. Servetus went thither from Strasburg, to get it Printed, in the Year 1531. The Title of that Book, and a fhort Account of the Author's Doctrine, may be seen in my Account of the Bib. liotheque Critiquet. That Piece was published at Strasburg and Francfort before the Month of August. When it was brought into Switzerland, several ProIeftant Divines were very much displeased with it, as it appears froin a Letter of Oecolampadius to Bu“I saw this Week, says he , our Friends of



# See Servetus in the Index.

* Invisi hac hebdomada Bernates, qui te & Capi. tonem falutant plurimum. Libellus de Trinitatis Erroribus à quibufdam ex illis visus duntaxat, fupramodum offendic. Vellem te scribere. Luthero, quod nobis in{ciis liber alibi excusus fit. Impudentia enim erat


" Berne, who make their Compliments to you and " to Capito. They are very much offended with “ the Book entitled, De Trinitatis Erroribus, which “ some of them have seen. I desire you would acquaint Luther, that this Book was printed out “ of this Country, and without our Knowledge. “ For, (to mention bur One Article,) it is an im

pudent Thing to affirm, as the Author does, That " the Lutherans do not understand the Doctrine of

Justification. But that Man, whether he be a Photinian, or of any other Sect, thinks he knows “ more than every Body else. Our Church will be

very ill spoken of, unless our Divines make it “ their Business to cry him down. _ I beseech you " in particular to keep a watchful Eye over it, and

to make an Apology for our Church, at least in your Confutation inscribed to the Emperor. We know not how that Beast came to creep in among us. He wrests all the Passages of the Scripture, to prove

that the Son is not Coeternal and Con“ subftantial with the Father, and that the Man “ Christ is the Son of God". This Letter is da. ted August 5: 1531.

The Magistrates of Bafil desiring to know Decolampadius's Opinion concerning the Book of Servetus; that Reformer made a short Discourse in their Presence, wherein he fhew'd that it was a pernici. ous Book; but he express'd himself with great Mo


adfcribere Lutheranis, justificationis rationem eos igno. rare, ut de reliquis taceam. Sed Phocinianus ille, vel nescio cujus fe&tæ homo, solus fapere fibi videtur, Nifi ab Ecclefiæ noftræ do&toribus explodetur, peffimè auditura eft. Tu præ aliis, oro, vigiles : Et fi non alia bi, certè in confutatione cua ad Imperatorem Ecclefias noftras excufa, utcumque hæc beftia irrepferir. Abucitur omnibus in fuum sensum, tantum ne confi. teatur Filium coæternum Patri & Consubftantialem, Atque hic eft, qui fufcipit probandum hominem Chriftum effe Filium Dei. Oecolampadii & Zuinglii Epiftole. Lib. IV. Pag. 8o1. Bafil 1592. in Quarco.

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