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11. de arthi's, or as Does it follow from thence, that Mro Cafini's Tables of the Refraction for the Heights of the Stars above the Horizon are not right? By no means. They are right in a certain Conftitution of the Air ; but perhaps they will not-fo exactly do gree in other Constitutions.

Can any one give Rules and Tables for all the different Constiturions of the Air ? I don't think it possible. Besides, how can an Observator know those, which he ough to make Use of His Business is to observe, what happens in the Horizon of the Sea, if he can see ir, so that he' may judge how much the Refraction in the Heights of the Stars may be enereafed or leffen'd, when some important Observations are quire, that he thould' mind those Aftronomical Niceries. Such is the Use that can be made of the Observations of the apparent Lowness of the Horizon of the Sea with respect to Aftronomy.

OBV, 23

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Commentary upon

Second Edition of San&tius's Commentary upon

Fob has been reprinted here. Gafparis Sanctii Centumpúteolani, Societate Jesu Theologi, in Collegio Complutenfis Sacrarum Litterarum quondam Interpretis, in Librum Fob Tommentarii, cum Paraphrasi. Nunc secundo prodeunt, Indicibus sum Locorum Scripture, Regularum & Proverbiorum,


tum rerum memorabilium illuftrati Cum nova Præfa.
tione vitam Auctoris complexa. Lipfie. 1913. in 47.
Co# 1480,
ca The wf Edition of this Commentary, publifhed
at Lyons in the Year 1634, is very scarce.

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HE moving Sphere according to the System

of Copernicus, made by Mr. Pigeon, is a vetý Curious Piece of Work, Tho? ic be, bur Eighteen Inches in Diameter, and Five Feep four ļnches high, it is sufficient to perform easily all the Deinonitrations. Thạc Sphere has been ingraved by Mr. Pax geon's Directions. The Ştamp is attended with a Imall Book, containing a Description of that Ingenious Machine, and thewing the use of it. Disse

Father Calmet has published a Commentary tupa on the Three first Books of Kings.

Commentaire litteral furs tous les livres de l'Ancien & du Nouveau Testament, par le R. P. D. Augustin Cal. met, Religieux Benediệlin de la Congregation de Saint Vanne & de S. Hydulphe, Les trois premiers Livres des Rois. Paris 1711. in 480. Pags. 1940.

The Author has inserted Four Differtations in this Commentary.


In the First, He treats of the Origin of the Philiftines, and of the Deities worshipped by that Nați. on, viz. Dagon, Beel-Sebub, Astaroth, Marnas (men

tioned of a pin? Myntti t min 90 . og meiro ryI have given an Account of his other Commentaries,

Look for Calmer in the Index.

tioned by Stephanus Byzantinus), and Berith, or Baal-Berich...?

The Second Dissertation concerns Samuel's Apparition to Saul, about which the Commentators do very much differ"-Father;-Calmột believes, that sa muel himself did truly appear to Saul, by God's Order, and that the Devil had no Hand in that Prodigy; but he knows (pot, whether it was in Cor. pore, or extra Corpus. i The Author enlarges upon the Person and the "Arms of Goliath in his Commentary. That Giant was about Twelve Feer and a Half in Height. His Coat of Mail weighed a Hundred and Fifty Six Pounds and a Quarter. The Head of his Spear weighed about Twenty Pounds. His Helmer, his Shield, and his other Arms had doubtless the same - Proportion, An Author, having carefully examined those Proportions, found that the complete Armour of that Giant weighed Two Hundred Seveniy Two Pounds and Thirteen Ounces.



The Wealth which David left to Solomon, makes : the Subject of the Third. Differtation. Those, who are best skilled in the Weights, Measures, and Coins of the Ancients, wonder how that Prince could leave behind hii fuch a prodigious Treasure. -Pather Calmet undertakes to "few, thar David might easily, hoard up those immense Şums. His Reign was very long : He conquered rich Nations, and took all their Wealth from them. Arabia, and Edom bounding in rich Mines, and the other Countries fubdued by him, paid him a constant Tribure. His Empire reached from the Euphrates to the Nike, &c.


hili sinta The Iyth Differtation runs upon the Temples of the Ancients. per dir *** get married

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Dissertation prefixed to the New Transla! c- tion of Anacreon into French Verfe. *0 (See) above-Art XLVIII.) : viding po

8:1 Konstant vad gympin alt: 99tr vooruit All THE Author having answered fome Criticisms bbm of Mr. le Clerc upon fome Passages of Virgil, and endeavoured to justify the Poets upon Tome 0other Heads; proceeds to make an Apology for the Ancients, and maintains that they are much above the Moderns,

T: Bring! '!, bovin

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7:12. 466. The Question about the Pre-eminence be$4 tween the Ancients and the Moderns, (says Mr. m. de Fontenelle;) being rightly understood, comes

to this Wherher the Trees that grew formerly in * Our Fields, were larger than those of this present ** Time.. If it befo, Homer, Plato, and Demosthenes

cannot be equalled in these latter Times; but if

sourf Trees are as large as those of former * Times, we may equal Honier, Plato, and Dethe most beness

Our Author (Mr. Gacon) does by no means approve" this Argument, and adds that if there was irany Strength in it, one might easily prove from thence that the Ancients cannot be equalled by the Moderns, since it is an easy thing to sew that Trees were formerly larger than they are now. We read


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(Says be) in the Sacred and Profanę History, that there were Giants in foriner Times from whence it follows thar.. Trees were then larger than ours. are : For if there is a Relation between. Trees and Men, the fame ought to be admitted between Men and Trees. But Mr. de Fontenelle grants, chat if Trees were formerly larger than they are now, the Ancients cannot be equalled ; and therefore, he muft neceffarily own, that the Ancients will always be above the Moderns, since it appears from his own Argument, that the Trees of former Times were larger than those of our Time. ** Mr. Gach adds, That the true State of the Que. stion is this : Whether the Excellent Warks vof the Ancients are better than those of the Moderns is as the Abbor Maumener lays it down in his Ode upon that Subject :- 1,417 ne more bris 2018 Pert:

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? , tap 4,2316. ghurt to spre Mais bien qu'une égale mesure, wii P900-90 Cel Eti de graces & de bienfaits, en EB 31

Confonde au sein de la Nature, , moc 109
Et les Ainez, & les Caders;
D'où vient que depuis tant d' années 20 aren
Nos Muses les plus fortunées Los
Cedent à ces Chantres fameux, VIL HI
Er que dans Rome, ou dans Athenes, 'n a's om
Les Ciceron's, les Demofthenes Total 1
N'ont point de Rivaux dignes d' on



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gue chus:

93.1 bord 10 1 According to Mr. de Fontenelle, the Moderns ar

“ The Ancients invented every Thing; * therefore they were much more Ingenious than

we. Not at all, (Sajs he); but they lived before “ us. One might as well commend them for being 44 the first, who drank - the Water of your Rivers, " and insult us, becauferwe hondy drink btheir fe1 mains 1 tot e sido-joint sliqlab od why -ICDs dos Atost l. 2320&cato


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