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This Trearise concerning the Christian Priesthood is an Excellent Piece. St. Chrysostom discovers a great Knowledge of Human Nature : His Descriptions are lively, his Observations very Judicious, his Moral Precepts admirable; and the whole Book is written with great Perspicuiry and Elegance. The Publick is
very much obliged to Mr. Thirlby for publishing fuch a fair Edition of that Work. It were to be wished that the best Pieces of the Fathers were printed by themselves for the Use of thofe, who are not able to buy the Works of those Ancient Writers.
Mr. Thirlby, informs us that the Greck Text of this Treatise, especially in the three last Books, has been collared a second Time with Manuscripts, and is more correct than it was in the foregoing Edition. He has revised the Notes, and made fome Alterations in them, He has also mended several Faults, and altered fome things in the Differtation. The whole has been performed according to the Notions of the lare Editor, who designed to reprint St. Chryfoftom's Treatise.
As for what concerns the Differtation prefix'd to this Work, I shall only observe, that the Author under
takes to prove,
I. That the Christian Church is a true, (tho' Spiri rual,) Society properly fo call’d, distinct from all other Societies; and that every Man is bound to be a Mem ber of it.
II. That the Government of that Society was com mitted by the Apostles to the Bishops, with a Power of ordaining the Ministers of the Church.
III. That this Christian Society was not confounded with the Civil Society ever since the Time of Conftantin the Great, but always remained a whole Body distinct from the Civil Society in every thing relating to the Spi. ritual Power,
IV. That the Power of Excommunication belongs to the Church Jure Divino,
V. That none have a Right to administer the Lord'sSupper bur Priests duly ordained by Bislaops.
VI. That the Laily never had a Righr, properly speaking, to give their Vores at the Election of the Clergy. These are the Heads on which the whole Difsertation runs.
I shall hereafter give an Account of St. Gregory Nazianzen's Apologetical Oration, and of Mr. Thirlby's Notes upon it.
SOME Particulars relating to Castalio,
In a Letter to *** By the Author of these
AVING mentioned a Passage of Castalio in the
foregoing Article, I shall insert here a Letter occafioned by these
Words of Dr. Spencer in his Notes upon the First Book of Origen against Celsus, pag. 10.“ Per“ beatum hominum genus ! quibus licitum erit cuticu. " lam fimul & religionem impentius reliquis curare, “congeltis frui decimis, & nescire Mufas, jactaque ” harpagine fibi rerum omnium emolumenta atque ip“ los homines adhamare, qua-nec ftipites cursu funi. “nis devectos attrahere Castellioni concedebatur.
Magiftrates of Bafil, whereby I am able to clear the Paftage, about which you desire some Information. You know that unhappy Man (infelix Literator) was violently persecuted by Calvin and Beza. It appears
from the Letter of that Good and Learned Mau, that those two Illuftrious Reformers took hold of every Opportunity to cry him down, and destroy his Réputation. They called him a Papist, which was a moft unreasonable Accusation. They said he had translated the Bible into Latin at the Instigation of the Devil. Unum eft (crimen) quod Biblia transtulerim impulsu, instinctuque Diaboli. Cogitate quam veriSimiliter hoc scripserunt. When Rivers overflow, they frequently carry down several Pieces of Wood, which any Body may lawfully get and keep for his own Use. Castalio, who was poor, and had a Wife and Children, got with an Harping.Iron some Wood floar. ing upon the Rhine. When Calvin and Beza heard of it, they proclaimed every where that he had stolen some Wood belonging to his Neighbours. “ Alte
rum (crimen) est, quod vicini mei ligna harpagone rapuerim. Hinc cognoscite, mei clementiffimi Domini, quales fint accusatores mei. Si enim eorum accusationi credetis, oportebit non folum me, verum etiam vicinos tunc meos, & piscatores multos, aliofque cives Basilienses, fortasse plusquam
trecentos, mecum dare furti pænas, quippe qui “ eadem ligna mecum palam rapuerint. Hoc isti
cum furtum palam toto orbe publicatis libris inter
pretati sunt, cogitate quales funt & in ceteris, præ: " Tertim fi quem oderint; nam mea scripta nihilo “ candidius profecto sunt interpretati, quam HAR
PAGONEM, &c. This is a Remarkable Instance of Odium Theologicum. I think, Sir, I have suffici. ently cleared the Paliage about which you have been pleated to consult me, &c.
Bellefontaine * complains, that our Physicians • feel the Pulse of their Patients too haftily. The Chinese † (says he) are more successful in Feeling the Pulse : Which is not to be wondered
ar, because they generally bestow an Hour upon *** it; during which Time the Mass of the Blood
goes several Times through the Ventricles of the “ Heart: And therefore, after such a long Obser
vation, they are able to judge of the Conftitution " of the whole Mass. But our Physicians take a “ different Course ; and I think they are to blame, “ for not bestowing all the Time that is Necessary. “ When they have observed fome Bearings of the
Pulse, they immediately give over, and fancy
they know the Consistence of the whole Mass of the “ Blood; wherein they are mistaken. For it máy
happen, that the Particles of Blood that follow “ immediately, will have another Consistence, and “ be differently mixed. Besides, an extraneous Fer
ment, coming from the Conduits of the folid Parts, may get into the Blood,
which never“ theless remains found, till those heterogeneous “ Particles are conveyed into the Heart, where
they cause a Fermentation in the whole Mass. And therefore the Pulse must needs have different Beatings, and be sometimes stronger or weak. er, quicker or nower.
* This is a Continuation of the News from Amo Rerdam in the iv Article.
+ See the Third Volume, Art. LXXVIII. at the End.
The Author says, That if Two of those Animalcula, or_Worms, that are in a Man, get into a Woman's Egg, there will arise from it a monstrous Production, like that which he saw at Mofcop in the Year 1701. at the House of M. Basil Posnikof, who has been employed by his Czarian Majesty in several Embassies and Negotiations.
That Monster liv'd but few Hours. It had four Arms and four Legs, and but one Head; but the Neck was a little bent to the right Side, and there - was a kind of
a Neck without a Head on the left Side a little above the Clavicula. I believe, says M. Bellefontaine, that those two Necks stuck one to another, whilst the two Bodies grew up; and that one of them had no Head, because that Part could not grow for want of Nourishment. · The Author dissected the Breast and the Abdomen of that Monster, and found the Parts quite otherwife than they should have been. Afterwards he diffected the Head, and found every thing difposed according to Nature. That Monster was pur into Brandy, to be preserved by M. Peter Posnikof, Doctor of Phyfick, eldest Son to the Gentleman above-mentioned.
The Author has inserted in his Book fome Ob: servations, which he made in the Year 1705. at Bandar-Abasi, in the Persian Gulph. 1. All the Time that he was there, viz. from the Beginning of April to the End of August, he observed no other Difeafes but Malignant Fevers attended with Paroxysms. 2. The Fever did generally redouble every Day; bur in some Persons, only once in two Days. 3. During all that Time, every Body died after the Third Paroxysm, unless that Paroxysm, or the Se. cond, was attended with a Sweat. 4. When the Sweat was very plentiful in the first Paroxysm, the Second was not so violent, but the Sweat increased; and when the Sweat came out in the Second Pa. roxysm, the Third also was less violent, and the Sweat more plentiful. The Author says, That feve• tal Persons, who seem'd to have a very strong Con