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pulo Romano collatis, quorum exempla ex Jose
pho alias dabimus. Nescio enim qua ratione fa-
atum fit, ut pleraque illa decreta absint ab editis
Josephi Exemplaribus, cum & in scriptis libris

& in versione exstent antiqua, licet admodum
" mutila *.

That Fragment will be of no finall Use upon several Accounts.

This Book contains also several Emendations upon Suidas, from a Manuscript in the Publick' Library of Leyden. I have already said in one of my foregoing Papers, that M. Gronovius criticizes the Edition of that Author publish'd by Dr. Kuster, and that the latter is preparing an Answer. It will be entituled, Editio Suide Cantabrigienfis, contra cavillationes Zoili Lugdunensis.

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* See also Ifaac Voffius in bis observations upon Ca. tullus, pag. 313, 314.

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ARTICLE XLIV.

A VIEW OF THE PONTIFICATE,

from its supposed Beginning to the End of the Council - of Trent, A. D: 1563: İn which the Corruptions of the Scripture and Sacred Antiquity, Forgeries in the Councils, and Encroachments of the Court of Rome on the Church and State, to Jupport their Infallibility, Supremacy, and other Modern Doctrines, are set in a true Light. By LAURENCE HOWELL,

A. M. London: Printed by John Nut: :: And Sold by John Pemberton at the

Golden Buck against St. Dunstan's Church in Fleet-street. MDCCXII. In 8vo. Pags: 579.

HIS Book is a Sharp and Learned Invective

against the Court of Rome, and the Romilla Clergy. A Work of this Nature can never come out at an unseasonable Time. The Christian Religion is so strangely corrupted and disfigured among the Roman Catholicks, that all Protestants ought to be made sensible of it, especially in those Countries where Popery is bur imperfectly known by the Generality of the Inhabitants. Whoever reflects upon the State of Christianity in former Ages, and even in several large Kingdoms at this present Time, must needs express a great Indignation against the Romish Cler

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gy, whose Ambition, Avarice, and Ignorance *, have occafion'd such an Alteration in the Religion taught by Christ and his Apostles. Is it not a most deplorable thing, that those very, Men, appointed to preserve the Purity of the Gospel, should have introduced so many Corruptions ? That those very Men, whose Office it was to give a right Notion of Christianity, and to suppress Superstition whenever it began to appear, should have been the Authors of so many False Doctrines, and Superstitious Practices ? That instead of feeding their Flocks, they should lord it over them ? That Pastors should become perfect Ty. rants + ? In a Word, that they should have done fo little Good, and so much Mischief?

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No one can be more sensible of what I have said concerning the Church of Rome, than the Learned Author of this Book. He undertakes to ser in a true Light the Forgeries and Impostures of the Romißh Clergy, and makes this Judicious Reflection upon it. " Truth ( says he ) never shuns the Light, but will 5 bear the nicest Scruriny ; needs no Spurious Tracts

nor Forged Legends to enforce it, and despises those

mean Arts of corrupting Words, and distorting “ the Sense of Genuine Authority to support Inno“ vation ". He observes, That if the Roman Catholicks exercise their Reason, they must renounce their Religion ; that among the many remarkable Impreses of Truth the Church of England bears, it is one, That she does not blindfold her Profelytes, but leaves them the use of their Faculties; and does not, by in. truding on

on them an implicit Belief, force them

to

* Several Honest and Wise Clergymen have in all Ages exclaimed against the Ambition, Avarice, and Ignorance of the Clergy. See among other Books the Catalogus Teftium Veritatis.

# Persecution is the worst Part of Popery, or rather the only Thing, that deserves to be so called. And therefore those Protestants, who approve Perfecution, arç downright Papifts,

to lay down their Reason, when they take up their Faith. Our Author adds, That we are highly concerned in Matters of Religion, for the Truth of which we can “ appeal no whi her so safely, as to the Genuine Holy

Scriptures, and uncorrupted Antiquity. And yer “ both of these, 'in the several Popish Editions, are so “ stuffed with Variations, Contradictions, Forgeries, &c. that it is impossible to come at the Truth by “them ”.

Certainly (continues the Author) nothing has fo “ much contributed to the Disrespect bf the Christi

an Religion in general, as proftituting it to vile “ secular Purposes; which having once gained Foot

ing in the Church, made way for many Superstiti.

ons to creep into her Worship. These were arW tended with many and dangerous Consequences ; “ for when the Friends of the Pontificate had by a “ vast Train of forged Decretal Epistles, Sham-Coun. s cils, and base Corruptions of the Holy Scripture,

and the most early Writers, secured, and (as they “ thought) lodged the Supremacy in the Bishop of

Rome, they cast about how to invest him with “ Temporal Power. This they were not long in do

for when they had in Matters of Truth and Divine Worship, persuaded, or rather awed, all “ within their Power into their Opinion, they had

nothing to do but to triumph over that part of Mankind, whose Reason they had crippled and enslaved ”.

ingi

Mr. Howel has made a vast Collection of the Forgeries and Encroachinents of the Court of Rome, and carries his Enquiries to the End of the Council of Trent. He shews how the Holy Scripture and Antiquity have been corrupted by the Romish Cler. gy; how New Doctrines and Superstitious Practices have been in roduced at several times ; and how the Clergy left nothing unattempted to fupport false Opi: nions, and the pretended Infallibility of the Church. I cannot give a particular Extract of a Book of this

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Nature, and therefore I Mall only confine my self to fome few Passages.

F

1. The Author begins with this remarkable Obfervation. “ It would be difficult to resolve, whe“ther the Church of Christ hath suffered more by “the Barbarity of Heathens, or by the unfaithful “ Editions of the Councils ". He adds, that “the

Ignorance of the Ancient Monks did not contri“ bute more to the Darkness of those Times, than “ the studied Corruptions and vile Contaminations “ of the best Authors have in later Days ".

2. Mr. Howel makes the foMowing Remark upon the pretended Reluctancy of those, who were promored to the See of Rome. “ It is worth observing,

(Says he) that all, or most of the Popes were “ chosen with much Reluctancy, according to Ana

Stafius : And though many of them have been

known to wade through Blood and Bribery to this " desirable Poft in the Church; yet they seemingly “ submitted to a Sort of Holy Rape from the Peo

ple upon their Elections ".

3. Our Author observes, That in the Year 1073. feveral Synods met in Italy about the Mirried Cler. gy: They declared their Marriage to be a Concubinage; and Pope Gregory the Vìi. sent his Decree to the Council of Erford in Thuringia, importing, that all Clergymen should part with their wives. Lambertus Schaffnaburgensis (Chron. pag. 506.) informs us, that when that Decree was publish'd, the Clergy exclaimed against it in very Emphatical Words. “ The whole Clergy (Says that Historian) ftrenu

oully opposed this Decree, calling Gregory the VII. downright Hererick and Madman, who had for:

gotten the Words of the Apostle, He that cannot contain himself, let him marry ; for it is better to

marry than to burn; who by a violent Exaction “ demanded from Men cloathed with Flesh and

Blood to live the Life of Angels. And yet whilft

he

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