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elemme s dla gioioso is the one Two Latin Manuscripts of Antonio Maria Gratis ni, Bishop of Amelia, one of the greatest Wits of the XV1th Century, came into his Hands. The rond contained the Life of Cardinal Commendon, co whom Gratiani was very much addicted, the other reprend fented the Misfortunes of the Hlustrious Men of phel XVIth Century. He published those two Pieces, and translated the First. Which was look'd upon rast Model of Transacion.

****60* 90 M. Flechier, being a good Poét, a Famous Orator;} an Excellent Tranflator, could not búr find the French Academy disposed, or rather very desirous to admic him into their Society." He succeeded M. Godtau; Bishop of Vente, in 1673. 789 giyse

Gie18 le Among the Projects, that were formeds for the E. ducation of the Dauphin, it was thought neceffany to publish for his Use the History of all the great Princes, who professed Christianity. M. Flechier, bea ing ordered to write The Hiftory of Theodofius, puba lished it in 1679. And 'is the only one that came out. He composed at the fame Time Theo Hiftori of Cardinal Ximenes, printed in 1693.1. Ar the End of one of his Sermons, an unknown Cordelier brought him fome Memoirs for that Hiftonypiutid then went away, and M. Flechier never saw him since. M. Flechier looked upon that Adventure, as an Order from Heaven to go abouc that Work.

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His Merit was too well known at Court to be left without Reward, under a Prince, who knotvs how to distinguish Virtue, and loves to raise VirtuSt. Severin, and afterw. Howed upon him the Abbey of prick of Lavaur, in 1685. and then, in 1687. to the Bishoprick of Nismes (1 omit that part of the Encomium relating to the pretended Conversion of the Protestants in the Diocese of Nismes.) Keeping a strict Order in his House, and yet magnificent and



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liberal, especially towards the Poor; affable ; easy
to be spokenvios behaving himself like a father
and sa Pastor,, feldom like a Superior, neyes, like an
Enemy Tab2 Hz Gali 952 :J:9) sy
modwoj sobotter en besta 9 64
Hisi Inclination for the Belles Lettres was not difled.
byithe Cares aprending the Episcopal Dignity. He took
care to have an Academy founded . Nismes, of
which he was the President and the Soul. . His Palace
was another Academy, wherein he made it his Bu.
siness to bring up Christian Orators, and such Wri-
terstas might serve the Church, and be an Orna-
nicat to the Nation. Es ist

Whilt lię improyed and perfected other Authors,
he neglected his owń Works. Being , follicited from
all Parts to print his Sermons, he only published some
few, that caine out in 1696. His nowness in pub-
lifhing his Old Pieces made every Body, the more
cager, calget the New ones: Old Age did not weak.
en his sBody, nor impair his: Mind One may ob-
fetve ipenhisi lak Pieces the same Eligance, Delicacy,
undhoven a greater Strength than in the first. The Pub
hiek espretsed their Admiration for thein, as soon as
they came out = They were printed at Paris, at Lyons,
in foreign countries: So many Editions were hardly
fufficientcco fatisfy the Curiosity of the Readers.
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LETTERS written by Mr. LENFANT,

Father VOTA, and the late QUEEN of

I. A Letter to Mr. Le CLERC. By Mr.



S I was lately perusing fome Papers in my Sudy,

I found a letter of the Illustrious Father Vota, Confeffor of the King of Poland, to the late Queen of Prufia, of Glorious Memory, with the Answer of that incomparable Princess. I have read again those Two Letters; and it seems to me that they ought to come out of the Duft, and to be inserted in the Bib. liotheque Choisie. But in order to it, I must inform you upon what Occasion they were written.

Father Vota came to Berlin fome Years ago: 1 know not what Business occafioned his Journey. That Jesuit having a great deal of Wit, a Noble Eloquence, a kind of Universal Learning, a Vivacity feldom to be feen in the Flower of the Age, but very extraordinary in a Man far advanced in Years; his Conversation must needs be excremely agreeable. The Queen was very much pleased with it. That Princess, among other Talents, knew how to diftin. guish Merit, and delighted in the Conversation of Ingenious and Learned Men. Nay, she might have improyed them, by her great Genius, and penetra

ing Wit, by the Extent of her Knowledge in many Things, that are generally above the reach of the Ladies, and by an extraordinary Tafte; but above all by that Noble and Polite Behaviour, which should. be the Character of Learning.

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One may easily judge, that Controversy was not vwholly laid afide The Queen was very wellpleafa

, ed to hear fome Clergymen of both parties discourse of several Masters, which, tho' very common, are very important. She sent for her German and French Chaplains *, one after another; that the Conversatiwho was alone should not be overcome by the


, Number of his Antagonists. Those Converfations proved sometimes perfect Affaults, attended with Tharp Blows on both Sides ; but there was no de. cisive Battle. The Combatants being well pleased with their own Fears, parted good Friends, and were jeady to renew the Attack upon the First Signal. The Queen's Chaplains used Father Vota with great Civility in every Thing, that concerned his Person But because they were unwilling to carry their Poa breness farther, or to yield any Thing in Matters, wherein il credere is not di cortesia, that Father could hårdly.bear any. Contradiction to which he was not ufed.

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He found himself engaged with Men of Resom lution, who boldly attacked the pretended Infallibility of the Church, and held out against the Authority of Fathers and Councils. His Zeal carried him fometimes beyond the Bounds of Moderation, as he himself owns in his Letter ; but it must be confefled that his : Anger proceeded from a Noble Principle. Agréable colere! digne ressentiment ! The Goddess, who presided over the Combat, smiled more than once : Vol. IV.



Mr. de Beaufobre, and Mr. Lonfunt,

Olli subrifit vultu, quo cúneta serenat. Kather Vota excuses himself to the Qucen for his zealous Flights. Thar Princess was pleased to communicate his Letter to one of her Chaplains; and being resolved to answer it, the consulted him about fome Facts, that were mentioned in the Conferences, and are proved more at large in her Answer. Fa: ther Vota received that 'Letter ;, and I often heard the Queen say, he had promised more than once to answer it. I do not question but that he has done it. 'Tis pity so good a Piece should have been involved in the Troubles of Poland. However it be, I thought I was obliged to publish that Letter, out of Respect for the Memory of a Queen, who was so generous as to defend her Religion, and those Divines who maintained it in her Presence, and by her Order. Father Vota cannot take it ill

, since it is to his Honour: Beldes, there are some Occasi ons on which one may fall into a Paffion without offending against Decency, and good Manners. IC were to be wished the Impression of the Queen's Letter might help us to recover Father Vota's Reply.

I am,

Berlin, O&tob. 6.


Sir, &c.


II. A LETTER of Father VOTA to the

QUEEN of Prussia.

Madam, I TAKE this Opportunity to appear at your Mac

jesty's Feet by this Letter, delivered to Lieute


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