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Atakes the true Sense of a Passage, he takes Notice of it in the Marginal Notes, wherein he alfo mentions several Things relating to the History of the Philosophers. Besides, the Translator has inserted a Differtation in the Life of Socrates, and another in the Life of Heraclitus. He has also added, at the End of the Book, several Obfervations concerning the Eclectick Philosophers, of whom Mr. Stanley says nothing at all. Many considerable Additions have been also inserted in the Text between Two Crotchets. The Translator has left out the Co. medy of Aristophanes, entitled Nubes, and that Part of Sextus Empiricus's Hyporyposes, that are in the English Edition. As for what concerns the History of the Oriental Philosophy, he has insert: ed Mr. Le Clerc's Latin Translation of that Piece, and the Notes and Observations of that Learned Man.

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ARTICLE XXXVI.,
AN HISTORICAL ACCOUNT,

never before publisb'd, of the Life and
Trial of MICHAEL Server us. In
several Letters to * *** By the Au-
zhor of thefe Memoirs.

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* Letter IV.

SIR
O to

the Bar, the Attorney General exhibited XXX.
new Articles against him, and required that he should
be interrogated upon each or thein. Most of those
Interrogatories concerned his Person, his Life and.
Conversation. .

Here follow some of his Answers ; That his Pa. rents were not of Jewish, but of Christian and Anci. ent Extraction, and lived nobly (vivans noblement); That he composed his last Book (Christianismi Reftio. tutio,) without looking into the first printed in Ger: many; That when he was in thar Country, he im. parted his Opinions to none but Oecolampadius, Bucer, and Capito, That he published his last Book with a good Intention, following the Dictates of his Conscience; That Mr. Calvin, and Mr. Abel Poupin (alias

Pepin)

* The Third Lester may be seen above, Art. XXVIII.

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Pepin) abused him much more in several Latin and
French Books, than he had abused them in the Latin
Letter t written to the Latter; That if he is mi.;
staken in his Doctrine concerning Baptism, he is
ready to change his Opinion, and begs Mercy, (qu'il.
demande misericorde, criant merci); That he was not
come to Geneva with a Design to stay in that City,
&c.; That he told his Landlord and Landlady. he
intended to ser out the next Day for Switzerland;
And that he did not appear Abroad for fear of being
disco ered.

It was upon this Day, that the Prisoner declared that he was impotent, as I have observed in the third Volume of these Memoirs *, where you may see upon what Occasion he made such a Declaration,

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On the 28th of August the Lieutenant brought in XXXVIII. Articles, about which he desired that the Prisoner should be examined, and that he should an. ) wer each of them Affirmatively or Negatively.

Those Articles were inserted at the End of a long Preamble of the Attorney-General, the Defign of which was to fhew, that Servétus deserved to be put 1 to Death. The Attorney-General represented to the Judges, that Servetus varied in his Answers; that! they were full of Lies; ' “ and that he derided God " and his Word, by alledging, corrupting, and wreft.

ing the Palfages of the Holy, Scripture, to conceal “ his Blasphemies, and avoid being punished. He added, that Scructus had made a wrong Choice of the Examples quoted by him, in his Petition, our of.., the Acts of the Apostles; and that what he said of the Emperor Constantin, was false. Besides, he alledg. ed against the Prisoner the Laws of those Emperors, who condemned Hereticks to Death. He further said,

that

ti bave pablished that Letter above, in the XVI Article, * $ue tle Word Scrvetus in the Index.

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that Servetus was condemned by his opon Conscience," and sensible that he de ferved Death; And that like the Anabaptists, he deprived the Magistrates of the Right of the Sword. Lastly, he concluded, that since Servetus knew so well how to tell Lies, he should not have an Attorney, as he desired; That such a . Thing was forbidden by the Civil Law, and never granted to such Seducers.

The Articles, about which the Prisoner was 'exami: ned on that Day, concern rather the Impression of his Book, his Person, his Life and Conversation, than his Doctrine.

He answered, among other Things, thar fince his Return from Germany he had imparted his Opinions to none in Writing bur to Mr. Calvin and Mr. Pepin, and that he had also writ a Letter to Mr. Peter Viret

;

That he had never committed Fornication (the Judges asked him whether he had committed that Sin); That he believed his Doctrine to be true, till he should be convinced of the contrary, 8c.

The 31. of August the Syndics and Council of Geneva received a Letter from the Vice Bailiff and the King's Attorney at Vienne, dated the 26th of the same Month, wherein they gave many Thanks to those Magistrates for informing them, that Seruetus had been apprehended in their City, and that he was' their Prisoner; and defired them to send him back to Vienne, that their Sentence mnight be execu. red upon him. That Letter was delivered to the Magiftrates of Geneva by the Viguier or Captain of the Royal Palace at Vienne.

On the same Day, Serverus being brought to the Bar, the Captain came in, and the Judges asked the Prisoner whether he knew him. He answered he did, and that he had been two Days under his. Custody from Tuesday till Friday in the Morning, &c. Being asked by the Judges whether he had rather Atay at

Geneva

Geneva, or go back to Vienne with the Jaylor that was come to fetch him, he threw himself upon the Ground, melting in Tears, and begged of the Judges that they would rather try him aç Geneva, and deal with him as they should think fit, (S que Mefleurs fiffent de lui tout ce qu'il leur plairait.)

He further said, That he had been examined twice at Vienne; That he was asked whether he had been in Germany ; That they shewed him fome Sheets of a Manuseript, which he had sent to Çalvin, and some Letters which he had wric to him. He added, that he looked upon the Mass as a wicked thing, (qu'il tient la Messe meschantë,) and had writ against it as the Proteftants; That he went to Mass at Vienne, which was a sinful things and that he had done it for fear of being pat to Death.

Servetus cannot be excused for going to Mass ao gainst his Conscience ; for, he might have retired into a Protestant Country, But perhaps he was a fraid of being prosecured by the Protestants as an Antitrinitarian. His Heresy was known to several Protestants of Geneva, Switzerland, and Germany; bat the Roman Catholicks in France knew nothing of it, before he published his Christianismi Restitutio.

The Jaylor of Vienne left Geneva, having got an Attestation importing how Servetus had declared, That he had made his Efcape without his Afiftance.

On the First of September Servetus refused, out of Generosity, to name those, who were in his Debr in France. The Judges asked him several Questions ar bout it, at the Sollicitation of the Sieur de Maugiron, who writ a Lotter to them to inform them that the King, had given Servetus's Eftate to bis Son

On the fame Day Calvin appeared again before the Prisoner. The Judges ordered him to extract several Proposicions word for word one of Servetus's

Book,

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