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3. Of the Letter, that goes under the Name of St. Chryfoftome, written to the Monk Cæfarius, and of some other Books mentioned the first Time in the Writings of St. John Damafcen.

Of several Letters, commonly thought to have been written to Petrus Fullo, and occafioned by the Addition to the Trisagion ; and of the Profei. sion of Faith to be found in the Works of Fustin Martyr.

5. Of praying for those, who died in the Christian Faith, and of Purgatory, according to the Opidion of the Eaftern Church,

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6. De Azymis, and of the last Paffover of our Lord.

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7. Of the Nazareans; and their Belief, and of the Ebionites.

We wish we might enlarge upon those Learned Dissertations, and give a particular Account of them; but the narrow Bounds, within which we are confined, do not allow of it,

The Life of St. John Damascer, written in Greek by. Fohn Patriarch of Jerusalem, and attended with the Editor's Notes; fome Latin Discourses upon the same Subject, and the Testimonies of the Ancients concerning our Holy Doctor, make the Conclusion of thefe Prolegomend.

Father Lequien having mentioned the different Editions of St. John Damascen in his Preface, proceeds in the remaining Part of it to make some Reflexions upon the Writings of that Saint ; and then sup. plies fome Omiffions, and mends fome Mistakes in his Notes and Dissertations. This last Head can only Vol. IV.

M

please

1

please those Readers, who are acquainted with the Questions treated by the Learned Editor; and therefore we shall not dwell upon it, being contented to give a thort Account of the first.

The first Observation of Father Lequien concerns the Number of St. John Damafcen's Works. It is impossible to determine its for which two Reafons may be afligned :

1. Because there is no Catalogue of them written by any Contemporary Writer ; the Tyranny of the Sarracens; who spread themselves all over the East, having banished Learning from those Countries.

2. Because many supposititious Pieces have been ascribed to him, which 'none can distinguith from those that are genuinie, without being perfectly acquainted with his Opinions, and way of Writing. Besides, Fa. ther Lequien believes there are still many Writings of that Saint, which lie concealed in Libraries, and that

many are lost.

The Editor proceeds to examine the Style of his Author. That Style (says he) is very clear and plain in' the dogmatical Works; but in the Sermons and Homilies, it is more diffuse, full of long Periods, and generally made up of Paffages and Exprellions of the Holy Scripture. The Poetry of St. John Damafcen, that is, his Hymns and Canticles, equal him to the most excellent Greek Writers in that Kind,

In the next Place, Father Lequien endeavours to excuse him for giving our several Fabulous Stories, like to many Truths. He ascribes that Fault to Want of Criticism in the Writers of that Time, and generally in most Fathers; bar he justifies him in fome Particulars relating to this Head, and takes notice of a Blunder of the great Caufaubon, who, in his Observations upon Buronim, applies to St. Fohn Da

me cex

( r

VL.
ART: 33 of LITERATURE 103
mafcen Two Cenfures of that Annalist, which conä
cern only a Fabulous Piece of Foannes Malala. Our
Holy Doctor is also blamed for being too fond of
Logical Cavils. But that Method was the more ne-
cessary, at thar Time, because most Hereticks
grounded their Doctrine upon the Sophisms and
Subtilties of Dialectic, and could not be thorough
ly confused without being attacked with their own
Weapons.

Father Lequien concludes with a Catalogue of the Works contained in these Two Volumes. Those that have a Star prefixed to them, had never been pube lished, or had only appeared in Latin.

ARTICLE XXXIII.

V. P S A L. PERINGSKIOLD is preparing a large Cali

lection of Bulls and Briefs written by the Popes to the Kings of Sweden: They are taken froin the Royal Archives.

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M. DETLİNGIUS (See the first Account

of this Book above, Art. XXIX. undertakes to prove in the XIIIth Observation, that the High Priest wend four Times into the Holiest of all, upon the Feast of the Expiation. And because we read in the Epistle to the Hebrews, Chap. IX. y." That the High M 2

Prieto

Priest went into it alone conce every year, the Author pretends that those words are to be understood of one Day in the Year, on which he went Four Times into that Holy Place. In the XVth Observation M. Deylina gius maintains against Sir John Marsham, that the bražen Serpent was not erected by Moses in Imitation of foine Prestiges practised in Egypt; and confutes the lace M. Burman, and M.Vitringa, who will have that, Serpent to be a Symbol of the Devil. Our Author is of Opinion, that all the Jewish Medals, stamped with the common Hebrer Letters, are Suppofititious. As for those that have Samaritan Characters upon them, hé takes them to be Genuine. M. Deylingius makes it his Business to confute, through the whole Book, those Writers, whose Opinions upon the Subjects he treats of, do not appear to him Orthodox, 28 in

If this Book comes into England, I Mall give a further Account of it.

loret M. Hanschius designs to publish a Pofthåmous Work of the Famous Kepler, entitled,

Hipparchus, five Demonstrationes multe & pulcherrime de magnitudinibus & intervallis trium corporum Solis, Lunæ, & Telluris, ubi plus fere admirationis merctur ingenium humanum ad cognitionem Dei vian moliens, quam opera ipsa. Natures per se bruta.org yri

Kepler look'd upon this Book as his Master-Piece. M. Hanschius, who has bought of Hevelius's Heirs all, the Manuscripts of Kepler, will no longer deprive, the Publick of such a valuable Piece. Every Thing relating to Eclipses is treated at large in it. of the

The following. Treatise, publish'd in 1689. has been lately reprinted.

opom D. Fohannis Bohnii Profefl. Lipf. de Renunciatione, vulnerum, feu 'vulnerum lethalium examen, cui accepe

Tunt

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runr Dissertationes bine de partu enecato, o un quis vivius mortuusve aquis fubmerfus, ftrangulatus aut tuto neratus fuerit. Lipsie 1711. In 4to.*

9!) VHS M. Bohne examines this Question, among others ::

. Whether a Man, thar is found in the Water, was dead or alive, when he fell into it. Some pretend, 1. That the Fingers of the dead Man ought to be viewed ; and that if they are corn at the Ends, 'tis a Sign the Man Atruggled to get out of the Water, and consequently that he was alive. 2. That if he foams in the Mouth and the Nose, 'tis also a Sign that he was drowned, because foaming is a natural Effect of Suffocation. 3. That if the Breast and the Stomach are full of Water, one may certainly infer froin it thac : he was alive.

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Those Three Reasons do not appear convincing to M. Bohne. A Child thrown into the Water, and immediately ftifled by it; a Madman, or a Melancholy, and drunken Man, who drown themselves with a premeditated Design, and consequently do not struggle to come out, have not their Fingers ends torn.

*As for what concerns Foaming in the Mouth, the Water which occasions the Foam by a Suffocation, may eahly carry it off afterwards.

The Author wonders any one should believe that the swelling of drowned people proceeds from the Water that gets into their Body; whereas it is only to be ascribed to the Air that is kept in the inside for want of Respiration. Whereupon he ob serves that having one Day opened a Woman, who had been drowned, he found no Water, neither in her Belly nos in her Sromach: He adds that if any one drowns a Dog, and then opens its Body, no Water will be found in it.

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