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har de History of the 126 MEMOIRS ART. 27. Heaps are frequently destroyed by the same. Cause that formed them. The second Chapter contains fome Reflexions upon the first Chapter of Genesis. In the Third, the Author treats of the Creation of Man: He confures the Book concerning the Preadamites. The Terrestrial Paradise, and the Fall of Man, are the Subjects of the Fourth and Fifth Chapters. In the next, the Author discourses of Cain, and his Posterity,; and thews in what Time of the Year the World was created, and then computes the Time from the Creation to the Deluge. Deluge, with an Account of what happened after: wards till the Dispersion of Men. The Author applies himself particularly to describe Noah's Ark, and to remove the Difficulties relating to its Dimensions.

The Third Dissertation concerns the Dispersion of Men, and the Chronology from the Deluge to the Vocation of Abraham.

In the Fourth Dissertation the Author explains the Difficulties that concern the Life of Abraham, and gives an Account of the inolt considerable Occurrences of that Time. He discourses of Melchifedec, the Circumcision, the Destruction of Sodom, Lot and his Incest, the Birth of Ifaac,&e.

In the Last Dissertation, he goes on with the History of Isaac, and then proceeds to Faceb and his Children, and to Esau; and concludes with an Ex. plication of the Bledings of the Twelve Patriarchs.

ARTICLE

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ARTICÉ E XXVII. por: AN HISTORIC A L'ACCOUNT,

never before publishid, of the Life" and Trial of MICHAEL SERVETUS. In Several Letters to **** By the Author of these Memoirs.

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Letter III.

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HE Letter of Servētus, inserted in my laft, was

produced again him on the 17th of August, to prove that he had abused Calvin, and some other Di vines of Geneva. I proceed to give you an Account of the moft Remarkable Transactions of that Day.

.:.:. La Fontaine did Colladon exhibited the Two Letters of Oecolampadius, which I have already mentioned, and two Passages of Melanchthon, to prove the first Ar: ticle, importing thar Servetus had been condemned if Germany. Here follows the first Passage of Melanchthon. Lusit homo fanaticus, Servetus, de voca“ bulo Persona, & disputat olim Latinis significasse Habitum aur Officii Distinctionem, ut dicimus Rofcire

um alias sustinere Personam Achillis, alias sustinere « Personam Ulyffis ; leu alia eft Persona Confulis, alia

Servi, * 1 ப...

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* The Second Letter may be seen above, art, XVI.

+ Melanchth. Loci Theologici, Page 321. of his Cor. pus Doctrinæ Chriftianæ, printed of Leipfick in 1560.

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Servi, ut Cicero inquit, Magnum est in Republica tueri Perfonan Principis. Et hanc veterem significa• tionem vocabuli fycophanticè detorquet ad Articu“ lum de tribus Perfonis Divinitatis. In the Second Passage * Melanchshon calls Servetus, astutus & impius. The Prisoner acknowledged that Oecolampa. dius and Melanchthon had writ against him; and added, that it was not a Definitive Sentence.

Upon the Third Article the Two Accusers produced 't again Ptolomy's Geography, and a Passage out of Servetus's Preface, wherein he says, that the Fruitfulness of Judea has been wrongly cried up, since those, who travelled in it, tells us that it is a barren and poor Country. Calvin tf informs us, that when this Passage was objected against Servetus, he fell a Mumbling, and replied, that it had been written by another Hand. Calvin adds, that it was no difficult Thing to convict him of the contrary : So that not knowing which Way to turn, le faid at laft he had a good Reason to write that Passage. Afterwards Servetus being ask'd, (Calvin goes on,) who was thaç Vanus Præco Judæa, mention d by him ? And whe: ther it was not Moses? He answered, As if none but Moses bad Spoke of Judea. Calvin replied, Thar those who had given an Account of that Country, followed Moses the most Ancient Writer that mentions it ; from whence it might be inferred, that he deceived those who followed him in that Particu

lar.

* Ibid. pag. 327.

+ " Sur le ciers. (Article), ils ont produit le Lieu dei “ Prolomée, lequel ledit Servet dit n'avoir fait, & non. * obftant qu'il n'y a point de mal, & qu'il n'entend * point du temps de Moyse, mais du temps de ceulx,

qui ont escrit de notre ficcle. Ec lesdits disent que “ d'autant qu'il a comprins generalement cous Ecrivains " dudic pais, qu'il a calomnié contre Moyfe".

+ Expositio Errorum Michaelis Serveri, doc. Among Calvin's Theological Traås, Pag. 836. Geneva 1976.

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lar. Calvin was extremely exasperated against : Servetus, upon this Account. That impudent Dog (says he) having nothing to aliedge in his Vindication, maintained that there was no Harm in what he had faid. obfcoenus canis tantum os perfricuit, & dixit uno verbo, nihil esse illic mali.

Tho' I never saw that Edition of Ptolomy's Geography, to which Servetus added a Preface and some Notes, I dare say he did not reflect upon Moses. ?Tis not improbable that by the Words, Vanus Præco

Judee, he meant some modern Traveller, who had
published an Account of the Holy Land, and repre-
sented it as a very fruitful Country. Servetus was
neither an Atheist, nor a Deist; He was fully per-
suaded of the Truth of the Old Testament,
appears from his Writings; and therefore I cannot
believe that the Words just now mentioned concern
Mofes.

Palestine is not now, properly speaking, a more barren Countiy than it was in former Times: Were it improved and cultivated, it would doubtless be as fruitful as it was in the Time of the Israelites. And therefore Calvin went upon a wrong Supposition, when he told Servetus in a peremptory manner, that God had cursed the Holy Land, and made it barren for the Sins of the Jews. Mr. Maundrell, laté Fellow of Exeter-College at Oxford, who travelled in that Country, does not ascribe its Barrenness to a Divine Punishment, but to want of Culture. The Passage being very curious, I hope, Sir, you will not be displeased to find it here at length.

“ All along this Day's Travel from Kane Lebar
to Beer, Clays Mr. Maundrell *,) and also as far
as we could see round, the Country discovered a
quite different Face from what it had before ;
presenting nothing to the view in most Places, but
Vol. IV.
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* A Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem at Bifter, A, D. 1697. Oxford 1707. Pag. 64. em seq. The Second Edi. cion. This Curious Relacion has been translated into French, and Printed in Holland.

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“ naked Rocks, Mountains and Precipices. At fight “ of which Pilgrims are apt to be much astonished “ and baulked in their Expectations, finding that

Country in such an inhospitable Condition," con" cerning whose Pleasantness and Plenty they had be" 'fore formed in their Minds such high Ideas from "the Description given of it in the Word of God: " Infoniuch that it almost startles their Faith, when " they reflect, how it could be possible for a Land * like this, to supply Food for fo prodigious a Num. da ber of Idhabitants, as are said to have been polled “ in the Twelve Tribes at one 'Time; the Suin gi. “ ven in by Foab, 2 Sam. 24. amounting to no less “ than Thirteen Hundred Thousand Fighting Men, * besides Women and Children. But it is certain, " that any Man who is not a little biassed to Infidelity

before, may fee, as he passes along. Arguments enough to support his Faith against such Scruples.

“ For it is obvious for any one to obserie, that e thele Rocks and Hills muft have been anciently “cover'd with Earth, and cultivared and made to “contribure to the Maintenance of the Inhabitants,

no less than if the Country had been all plain, nay, perhaps much more ; forasmuch as such a mountainous and uneven Surface affords a larger Space of Ground for Cultivation, than this Country would amount to, if it were all reduced to a perfect Level.

For the Husbanding of these Mountains, their manner was to gather up the Stones, and place them « in several Lines, along the sides of the Hills, in “ form of a Wall. By such Borders, they supported * the Mould from tumbling, or being washed down,

and formed' many Beds of excellent Soil, rising * gradually one with another, from the Bottom to the * Top of the Mountains.

Of this Form of Culture you see evident Footsteps wherever you go in all the Mountains of " Palestine. Thus the very Rocks were made fruit“ ful. And perhaps there is no Spot of Ground in * this whole Land, that was not formerly improv.

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