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utmost Endeavours to bring all their Subjects into the Right Way of Serving God. Bur, on the other side, if we compare the Advantages which constantine and Theodosius procured to the Church, with the dreadful Mischiefs occasioned by Constantius, Valens, and even by.Theodosius the Younger, and many other Emperors, we may very well doubt whether it were not better for the Church, thar Princes Thould never concern themselves with Religion, and only take Care that the Laws of Justice and Equity be punctually observed. Mr. de Tillemont seems to approve the Conduct of Lepis IX. King of France, who left it to the Bishops to determine all Doubtful and Controverted Matters. The Author adds, That perhaps à Prince may use all his Authority for the Promoting of Truth, by all just and lawful Means, and without forgetting the Laws of Humanity, which ought to be oblerved even towards the most Wicked Men. 'Tis obfervable that our Learned Author; tho' a Roman Catholick, and very zealous for his Religion, exo presses himself with great Moderation upon this Head. It plainly appears that he was an Enemy to Persecurion. No Body will deny, thar a Prince may use all just and lawful Means for the Propagation of Truth, and endeavour to reclaim his Subjects from their Errors, provided he does not offend against the Laws of Humanity.
Mr. de Tillemont, considering the great Severity, or rather Cruelty of Valentinian, is afraid, “ That " the Glory with which he governed the Empire,
is the only Reward of his confeffing the Name of
Christ ”. He is afraid that Emperor“ enjoyed " the good Things of this World, to be exposed afted “this Life to the Divine Justice, which shews no Mercy
to those," that are not merciful to their Brethren.
The Author does not tell us, (according to his usual Custom), what he thinks of the Salvation of Ausonius, who was a very Licentious Poet: He only says, It were to be wished, for the Honour of Christianity, that Aufonius had been a Heachen.
AN ACCOUNT of St. GREGOR Y
NAZIANZE N's A POLOGETICK
did, for fear of being forced to accept a Bishoprick; and that Father made an Arology for it. in this Discourse, as Sc. Chryfoftome undertook to justify himself upon the fame Account, in his Treatise con. cerning the Christian Priesthood. The Resemblance of the Subject, moved Mr. Thirlby, so insert this Ora: tion at the End of that Treatise. He acknowledges that those Two Fathers are equally admirabie for their Eloquence; but he adds, That their Characters are very different. I shall not give a particular Ac count of this Orarion, being contented to observe in general, That St. Gregory * alledges many Reasons to fhew how difficult it is to discharge the Duties of Episcopacy, that he makes several Judicious and Solid Reflections upon that Subject; and that ir ap: pears from many Passages of the Holy Scripture quoted by him, and rightly applied, that he was very, well yersed in the Sacred Writings.
There is a Passage in this Qration, on which it will not be improper to make fome Observations... St. Gregory fhews that it is no easy. Thing to teach the Doctrine of the Holy Trinity and that whoever undertakes to do it, must be very careful not to ad:
?* That Father begins his Oration thus. I confefs that I am overcome : I have submitted to the Lord, and int treated him. He meant, that he was at last willing to be made'a Bishop,
vance any Thing, thar may countenance Sabellianism, Arianism, or the Opinion of those who admitted Three Eternal and Independent Beings. Whereupon he calls the Doctrine of Sabelius, who denied the Trinity, Atheism. We should wrong the Memory of that 11lustrious Father, should we believe that he really took Sabellius to be an Atheist for denying the Trinity. Too great a Stress ought not to be laid upon the Words of that Ancient Doctor: He speaks Rhetorically, as Mr. Thirlby observes. Atramen, says her
ur quod res eft fateamur, non tam verè Sabellium “ 'Adeias poftulat Gregorius, quam pro fua dicendi
Copia ac Facultare, ingeniose : cum alibi eum re“ ctius multo Judaismni infimuler, (Sc. Orat. XXIII)". I have observed in one of my foregoing Sheets, that Servetus called the Trinitarians Atheists: It was not a Rhetorical, but an Enthufiaftical way of Speak. ing.
Mr. Thirlby fays, the Latin Translation of the Abs bot de Billy, (Billius), tho' it be the best, is never theless full of Mistakes; and that he has mended several Faults, and rectified the Latin Stile in
many Passages. As for what concerns the Notes of Mr. Thirlby, they discover his Judgment and Learning in a very young Age,' and are a fine Specimen of what the Publick may expect from him hereafter.
LET D E N.
Collection of Testaceous Filhes, Snails, Shells,
and Minerals, has been lately engraved, and publish'd by a Virtuoso.
Thesaurus Imaginum Piscium teftaceorum, quales funt Cancri, Echini, Echinometra, Stellæ marinæ, c. ut & Cochlearum ; inter quas numerantur Lunares; La . ciniatæ ; Valvatæ, five Semilunares ; Valvatæ ftriatæ; Cassides tuberofæ, verrucolæ, læves & Murices; Globofæ ; Buccinæ ; Strombi, Volutæ ; Alatæ ; Por cellanæ majores & minores ; Cylindri, &c. Quibus accedunt Conchylia, ut Nautilus, Cornu Ammonis, &c. Conchæ univalvie & bibalvie ; quarum Species sunt Solenes univalvii, Chamæ asperæ, Chamæ læves, Pectines, Pectunculi, Tellinæ, Solenes bivalvii, Musculi, Pinna, Ostrea, &c. Denique Mineralia ; uti Metalla, Lapides & Argillæ, variis in locis reperta. Quorum omnium maximam partem Georgius Everhardus Rumphius, M. D. Academie Casaree Nature Curiosorum Collega, dictus Plinius Indicus, collegit ; jam vero Nature Amator & Curiosus quidam in bunc ordinem digelit, & nitidiffimè æri incidi curavit. Lugduni Ba. tavorum, 1711. in Folio. Pagg. 15. with LX Copper. Cuts.
This Collection contains the Figures of all the Cu: siofities lodged in the Cabinet of Dr. Rumphius, besides several others, that have been communicated to the Publisher. Here follow some of the most Curious Pieces engraved in this Book. 1. A Lump of Ambergris weighing an Hundred and eighty two Pounds, which belongs to the East-India Company of Amsterdam. 2. A Figured Srone of a red transparent Co. lour, on which an Hexagone Fort, surrounded with Ramparts and Ditches, is naturally described. 3. Another Stone, which represents a kind of irregular Citadel. Its Circumference of a brownish transparent Colour, consisting of Three variegated Lines, denotes the Rampart. The Middle of it looks like frozen Wa. ter : And there is in its Centre a great INand, surrounded with many small ones, of a blue, purple, and red Colour. 4. A Piece of Egyptian Marble, on which one may plainly see the Figure of a Pope fay. ing his Prayers. That Piece was found among the Ruins of a Temple near Rome.
P A R I S.
BOOK, consisting of Five Dissertations upon
Genesis, has been lately published. Dissertations Historiques, Chronologiques, Geographic ques, & Critiques sur la Bible. Paris 1711. In 8vo. Pagg. 476.
The first Dissertation concerns the History of the Creation, and the Chronology and Description of the World from the Creation to the Deluge. That Dissertation is divided into VIII Chapters.' In the first, the Author proves that the World is not Eternal; thar it was made by an Intelligent and Wise Being and that it has not a greater Antiquity than what Mofes afsigns to it. The uneven Surface of the Earth affords the Author an Argument to fnew that it is. not Eternal. It is naturally impossible, (says he) that there should be any Mountains and Valleys, if the Earth had existed from all Eternity ; for the Waters and the Rain do continually carry off some Earth from the Mountains into the Valleys. Though that Quantity be never so small
, 'cis certain that Mountains would be at last levelled, and Valleys filled up; and therefore if the Earth never had a beginning, 'tis undeniable that there would be no Mountains nor Valleys, and that the Earth would be overflowed with Water, the least Diminution being sufficient to destroy the highest Mountains during the infinite Space of Erernity. Perhaps it will be said, continues the Author, thar new Mountains are formed from Time to Time ; but is there any natural Cause, that can produce Mountains, and make such Valleys as those that contain the Warers of the Sea? All the Histories that are extant, will not afford one Instance of a new Mountain appearing upon the Earth. The Winds raise now and then some small Heaps of Sand, but never to a considerable Height; and those