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“.mesticks can read and write perfectly, because he

frequently hears them read at his leisure Hours, or makes them write out fair Copies of those Pa pers which he wants. He has a set Time for eve.

ry Thing, as if he lived in a Convent : Such a u Conduct affords him a perfect Health, and ren“ ders him no less chearful than acceptable to the

Publick,

Dr. Du Pin has published a Supplement to his Bibliotheque of Ecclefiaftical Writers.

Bibliotheque des Auteurs Ecclesiastiques ; Supplement, contenant les Principaux Points de l'Histoire de l'Eglise des IV. V. VI. VII. 6 VIII. Siecles, avec une Table Chronologique. Paris, 1711. in 8vo. Pags: 450.

When Dr. Du Pin undertook to write his Bibliotheque, he designed to lay aside the Historical Part; which is the Reason why the most Considerable Facts, relating to the History of the Church, are not to be found in that work. The Author has thought fit to publish a Supplement, wherein he gives an Account of the Chief Transactions of the IVth, Vth, VIth, VIIth, and VIIIth Centuries. He begins with the Perfecutions of the Christians under Diocletian, and then describes the Flourishing State of Christianity in the Reign of the Emperor Conftantine. He gives us the History of the Donatifts, the History of the Manichecs, Arians, Apollinarists, Priscillianists, &c. In the next Place, he news what Bishops governed the Great Churches in the IVth Century; how the Monastick Life was inftituted ; and in what Condition the Church was under the Emperor Julian. Lastly, The Author has inserred an Abridgment of the Doctrine and Discipline of the IVth Century.

The Readers will find in the remaining Part of the Book, an Historical Account of what happened in the Vth, Vith, VIIth, and VIIIth Centuries; the History of the Pelagians and Semipelagians, and what

ever

ever concerns the Bishops at that Time; the History of the Persecution of the Vandals; the State of the Church of Italy and France in the Beginning of the Vith Century, 83c.

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The GENERAL HISTORY of the HIGHWAYS

in all parts of the World, particularly in Great Britain : Containing I. The Mans ner of making and managing of them by the Carthaginians, Lacedemonians, Ró mans, Indians of Peru, and all other Na. tions, from the remotest Antiquity to this Time, II. An Account of Antoninus's Itinerary, and the Peutinger Tables. III. The just Proportion between the Ancient and Modern Furlongs, Miles, and Leagues. IV. The Original and Advancement of the Post. V. Canals cut, Bridges built, and Ports made by the Romans. VI. An accurate Description of Rome, in three several Ages. VII. And lastly, An Account of the Modern Roads in Great Britain : With an Abstract of the Lams concerning them, &c. London. Printed, and are to be Sold by D. Brown, at the Black Swan without Temple-Bar, W. Innis at the Feathers in St. Paul's Church-yard; G. Strahan at the Golden Ball in Cornhill;

J. Mor

J: Morphew near Stationers-Hall; and J. King in Westminster-Hall, Bookfellers. 1712. in 8vo. Pagg. 164..

HE History * of the Highways of the Roman

Empire, written by Nicolas Bergier, Advocate in the Presidial of Reims, was published at Paris in the Year 1622. That curious and learned Book is grown very scarce: 'Tis true, a Latin Translation of it has been inserted in the Thesaurus Antiquitatum Roa manarum, printed in several Volumes in Folio ; but that Collection is too dear, to be bought by every Body. The Publick wanted therefore an English Translation of Bergier's Work ; and it will be the more acceptable, because it comes out with several Ima provements and Additions relating to England. The Translator has only published the first Book, and designs to go on with the rest. The following Extract, though short, will give the Readers a sufficient Noti: on of the Nature of this Work,

I. In the Time of the Commotiwealth of Rome, the Care of the Highways was committed to the Cenfors, Consuls, and Tribunes of the People. As for the Streets and publick Places of that City, it was the Business of the Ædiles to keep them in Repair.

The Censors, Consuls, and other Magiftrates of Rome, being no longer able to take care of the HighVol. IV:

I

ways,

* Histoire des Grands Chemins de l'Empire Rom main, contenant l'origine, progrés, & eftendue quafi incroyable des Chemins Militaires, pavez depuis la Ville de Rome jusques aux extremitez de fon Empire, Où le voit la grandeur & la puissance incomparable des Romains : Ensemble, l' esclaircissement de l'Itineraire d'Antonin, & de la Carte de Peucinger. Par Nicolas Bergier, Advocat au Siege Presidial de Reims. A Paris, Chez C. Morel, &c. MDCXXII. 'Tis a Book in 460. confifting of 856 pages.

,

ways, fome extraordinary Commissioners were appoimed for that, End, and went by the Name of CuraLores viarum. Their Number was not fixed They were more or less, -as. Occasion required. ODITI

Those Curatores viarum (Overseers of the Highways) were Men of Note, and bad the most confiderable Employments bestowed upon them. We read in Plutarch, that: Julius Cæsar was, made Curator vit Appae. i Be. fore the Reign of Auguftus, those Commissioners were only appointed, when there was a Neceility for its bur that Emperor fixed their Number, and made them.perpetual. What has been said hitherto, ought to be understood only, of the Highways in Italy. The Curatores viarum must not be confounded with the Curatores vicorum. :)

Appius Claudius was the first, who began to pave the Highways of Italy. During his Censorship in the Year of Rome 442. he caused the publick Road, from thar.City to Capua to be paved: That Road was cal. led Via Appia. The second Highway, paved in Italy, was that of Caius Aurelius Cotta, in the Year of Rome 512. if one may depend upon the Conjecture of Ca. zolus . Sigonius *, who says it was called Vir Aurelia from him. The next Highways paved in Italy, are Ihe Vic Flaminia and the Via Æmilia. The former reached from Rome to Ariminum, (now Rimini;) and the latter froin Rimini to Bologna, and from thence 19. Aquileia. Some Ancient Authors say, the Via Flaminia was made in the Year of Rome 533, by Flabo ascribes it to his Son Flaminius. The two Censors Elaccus and Albinus undertook a Work of the same Nature, in the Year 580. Caius Gracchus so Years after caused several Roads) to be paved in Italy. This is svhat we find in, the Roman History concerning thofe, who took Care cof the Highways in that Country. Several other Magistrates, unknown to us, applied themselves to this Work; To that in Julius

Cesar's

Lib. II. de Antiq. Jure Italia, cap. silt,

Cæsar's Time there were publick Roads to go from Rome to all the chief Towns of Italy

. Augustus and his Successors did rather enlarge and repair

them than make new ones, except some thaç were made by Dor mitian, Trajan, and Aurelian. *

The inost ancient Highway, that was made by the Romans out-of Italy, reached from the Alps into Spain' through Provence and Languedoc : Polybius mentions it in the third Book of his History.' Andreas Refendius *, who saw some parts of that Road, observes, that it was payed with small square Stones, pene insang, profufione. - That Way was made in the Time of the Punick War... The next is the Via Domitia," which Domitius Ænobarbus caused to be made in the Year of Rome 629. Cicero † speaks of it. Our Author thinks it was made in the Country of the Allobroges, who were overcoine by, Domitius. Tacitus + mentions, another Via Domitia in Germany. The Via Egnatia, mentioned by Strabo, Lib. VII. reached from Apollonia in Epirus to Cypfelus and the River Hebrus in Thrace. Cicero says, it went as far as the Hellefpont. These are the Highways, that were made out of Italy before the Reign of Augustus. That Emperor took great Care not only to enlarge and stretch out those thar were already in the Roman Provinces, but also tá make new ones.

The Legionary Soldiers, the common People in the several Provinces, and the Slaves, were employed in making the Highways of the Roman Empire. Augustus, who had a standing Army of Twenty-five Le gions, was the first who put the Soldiers to that Work, to keep them busy and obedient,

Our Author gives a Mort Account of the Revenues of the Roman Empire, and shews how Part of them were disposed of towards making or repairing the publick Roads.

Julius

I 2

* Lib. III. de Antiquit. Lufican. cap. de Viis militaribus.

+ Orat. pro M. Fonteio.
+ Lib. I. Annal.

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