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“ fhould be fo neceffary, that if a Man of a healthful “ Constitution happens accidentally to have no Slee; " for two or three Days, he finds himself so weal " that he can hardly stand, tho' he wants neither

good Meat nor good Wine to recover his Strength. “How comes it that the Difiparion, occafioned by

want of Sleep, cannot be made up by any thing “ else but Sleep? Shall we say, that the Reason of “ it is, because the Fibres being stretched, whilft we

are awake, by a continual Influx of the Spirits, lose their Strength by it; whereas during the Sleep

they are relaxed, and at rest, and remain in a “ kind of a middle Situation? And indeed whilst we

are awake, whether we be fitting or walking, the " Nerves and the Fibres of the Muscles are almost “ continually stretched and working ;

but during “ the Sleep they are all equally affected. And there. · fore we lee char Animals, such as Oxen, Dogs, Cars,' " and in general all four-footed Beasts bend their Bo“ dies, when they lie down. 'Tis also an usual thing “ for Children to bend their Legs in Bed ; and Peo“ple grown in Years never sleep without bending “ fome Part of their Bodies, nor could they have any “ Rest, if they should stretch out their Arms and Legs at full length. But I shall dismiss this Sub

ject, and leave it to those who are better qualified to dive into it."

VIII. Many Readers will be apr to think, that I have too much enlarged upon this Book; and therefore I fhall only give a general Notion of the remaining Chapters. In the VIIIth Dr. Ramazzini shews how necessary it is for the Preservation of Health, that all Excrecions should be well performed, and prescribes feveral Rules for it.

IX. The Design of the IXth Chapter is to make a Prince sensible, that nothing can be more contrary to his Health than violent Passions.

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X. In the Xth the Author Mews what Sort of Learning a Prince ought to apply himfelf to, and how he may get a sufficient Knowledge without impairing his Health. Dr. Ramazzini believes 'tis a very difficult Thing for any Man to acquire a great Reputation by his Learning, and at the same time to enjoy a good State of Health. Whereupon he observes, That some Religious Orders, who spend a great Part of their Time in Study, are generally. Lean and Melancholy, tho' they be well fed, and live a very easy Life; whereas those, whose Minds are taken up with pious Thoughts and divine Meditations, who go bare-footed and profess a great Austerity, are commonly fat and Justy, and have a very fresh Colour.

XI. The Readers will find in the next Chapter what Sort of Regimen ought to be prescribed to old People. Our Author does very much approve the Use of Perwigs, and is very well. pleased to see old Physicians, who have one Foot in the Grave, appear Abroad without a Beard, and wear fine Perwigs; whereas in former Times the Men of that Profession looked upon a bald Head and a long Beard as a very proper Means to raise their Reputation.

XII. The XII Chapter contains several Advices to prevent growing too far, and too big.

XIII. The XIIIth Inews that Princes are more subject to some Diseases than other Men; and how those Diseases may be prevented.

XIV. In the last Chapter, The Author treats of the Regimen, which a Prince ought to observe upon a Military Expedition, or in a Camp.

ARTICLE.

ARTICLE XXI.

GEORGII BUCHANANI Scoti ad Vi

ros fui seculi Clarissimos, eorumque ad eundem, Epistolæ. Ex MSS. accurate descriptæ, nunc primum in lucem editæ. Londini, Impensis D. Brown ad Insigne Cygni Nigri extra Portam vulgo dictam Temple-Bar ; & Gulielmi Taylor ad Insigne Navis in vico vulgo di&o Pater: nofter-Rom. 1711.

That is, SEVERAL LETTERS, never before

, published, of GEORGE BUCH AN AN, and some Eminent Persons of his Age: London. 1711. in 8vo. pagg: 93.

HIS Collection consists of Thirty-five Lerters *

some of which were written by the Famous Buchanan, and others by Peter Daniel, Gifaniu, Beza, Daniel Rogers, Philip Mornew, Christopher Plantin, Rodolphus Gualtherus, Fohn de Serres, ( Serranus ) Hubertus Languetus, Elias Vinetus, Sir Thomas Randolph, &c. Most of these Letters run upon the publick Affairs of that Time, or contain several Parti. culars relating to Books. I shall insert here some of those Paffages, that appear to me most Curious and Remarkable.

H4

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* The Third is dated in the Year 1564, and the laft in 1981,

In a Letter to the Earl of Murray (pag. 5. Seq.) Buchanan gives an Historical Account of his Elegy, and of some other Poems, which he writ against the Franciscans, and shews how he was violently persecured by those Fryars, who, says he, Nihil moleftius ferebant, quam pellem, ut ait Horatius, fibi detrabi.

Buchanan was extremely surprised to hear that there was a Mateh on Foot berween Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Alenfon. He believed that Prince would murther the Queen of England, and marry the Queen of Scotland, who was a young and beautiful Princess, c. 66 * At brevi illac ven“ turus in Britanniam, credam tibi, fi vis ; fed

quorsum eo? Ad nuptias ais ; & id ego credo. “ Ad quas? Cum Regina vestra? Alii ur volunt ac“cipiant : Ego prorsus ejus confilium effe reor, ut “ veftram trucidet, noftram ducat, forma, ætate, & “ anticorum opibus florentem, & experræ jam fæ“ cunditatis. Quid nostra, inquies, qua in re de“ ficitur ? Imo omnibus eis rebus erat non adeo

pridem par, ac pene superior”. Buchanan adds, That the Roman Catholicks in England, people that were in Debt, and in general the worst' fort of Men would flock to the Duke of Alenfon, and side with him. Non + tu ignoras unus, quod omnes “ vident, quanta fit & opibus & numero Papanorum “ factio, quam latę fufa, quam animis adversus

veritarem obftinatis. Illi velut ex infidiis ad novum spectaculum iftud erecti

Gine tumuļru, sine fufpicione accurrent: Ubi vires " contemplati, suum numerum inibunt, ftatim se * succenturiabunt, & ad novum iftum Ducem velut " coelitus oblatum se agglomerabunt. Accedent ad eos obærari, decoctores, scelerati, in bello feditiofi &

rapaces,

Pag. 54. In a Letter to Daniel Rogers, daced Edino burgh, Nov. 9. 1579.

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rapaces, in

pace ignavi, & defidia marcidi, rei fure negligentes, alienæ cupidi; primum facient impetum in Reginas, quarum fi aut alteram trucidabunt, aut alteram è custodia eripient, vides, ut opinor, quid calamitacym sequi fit neceffe, &c.

Buchanan fays in the fame Letter, That he had made fome Alterations in his Translation of the Psalms, and that he would have altered whole Psalms, if his old Age bad allowed him to apply himself to Poetry.

It appears from two Letters written by a French Gentleman to Buchanan, that the King of Navarre was exceedingly desirous to marry his Sister to the King of Scotland, in order to promote his own Interest and that of the Protestant Religion.

There is in this Collection a Letter of Hubert Lan. guetus to Buchanan, dated from Delft, Feb. 20. 1581. wherein he says, That he lived many Years a very happy Life with Melanchthon; and that since the Death of that illustrious Divine, after several Milfortunes he has at last settled himself in Holland, a Country, (says he) which feems to be made for Eels and Frogs rather than for Men. He adds, That whenever he goes out of Delft, he has a sight of Rotterdam, which brings into his Thoughts not only the great Erasmus, but also Buchanan himself; for (continues he) I cannot fufficiently admire how such disinal Countries could produce Two such Men, who cannot be paralleled for their Wit with any other, either in our Time, or in the latter Ages. “ Per hyemem viximus in Batavorum Lacunis, quæ

a natura factæ videntur, ut eas ranæ & anguillæ, “ popius quam homines, incolant. Roterodamum " habemus in conspectu, quandocunque prodimus ex “ hoc oppido, cujus conspectus non folum mihi

reducit in memoriam magnum illum Erasmum, quo cive gloriatur, fed etiam te. Non enim fatis

mirari posfum, in locis ram horridis nasci po“ tuiffe viros, quibus ingenio pares nec noftra, nec

patruin,' aut avorum noftrornm ætas vidit. Perhaps Buchanan was not very well pleased to be fo

highly

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