The Panorama of Science and Art: Embracing the Sciences of Aerostation, Agriculture and Gardening, Architecture, Astronomy, Chemistry ... the Arts of Building, Brewing, Bleaching ... the Methods of Working in Wood and Metal ... and a Miscellaneous Selection of Interesting and Useful Processes and Experiments, Volume 1
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Page 271 - All these things being considered, it seems probable to me that God in the beginning formed matter in solid, massy, hard, impenetrable, moveable particles, of such sizes and figures, and with such other properties and in such proportion to space as most conduced to the end for which he formed them...
Page 271 - And therefore, that Nature may be lasting, the Changes of corporeal Things are to be placed only in the various Separations and new Associations and Motions of these permanent Particles; compound Bodies being apt to break, not in the midst of solid Particles, but where those Particles are laid together, and only touch in a few Points.
Page 435 - ... hand towards either side, the hand of the image will move towards the other ; so that, whatever way the object moves, the image will move the contrary way. A bystander will see nothing of the image, because none of the reflected rays that form it enter his eyes.
Page 434 - If a man place himself directly before a large concave mirror, but further from it than its centre of concavity, he will see an inverted image of himself in the air, between him and the mirror, of a less size than himself. And if he hold out his hand towards the mirror, the hand of the image will come out towards his hand, and coincide with it, of...
Page 91 - ... spots : it takes the highest polish, with a singular lustre. This part is only to be come at by digging below the spur, to the depth of two or three feet, and cutting it through ; which is so laborious an operation, that few attempt it, except they are curious in the choice of their wood, or to serve a particular purpose.
Page 580 - I have detected no less than thirty-one nebulae all distinctly visible upon a fine blue sky. Their situation and shape, as well as condition, seem to denote the greatest variety imaginable. In another stratum, or perhaps a different branch of the former, I have...
Page 526 - As he sat alone in a garden, he fell into a speculation on the power of gravity ; that as this power is not found sensibly diminished at the remotest distance from the centre of the earth, to which we can rise, neither at the tops of the loftiest buildings, nor even on the summits of the highest mountains, it appeared to him reasonable to conclude that this power must extend much farther than was usually thought.
Page 526 - To make an estimate what might be the degree of this diminution, he considered with himself that, if the moon be retained in her orbit by the force of gravity, no doubt the primary planets are carried round the sun by the like power. And, by comparing the periods of the several planets with their distances from the sun, he found that if any power like gravity held them in their courses, its strength must decrease in the duplicate proportion of the increase of distance.
Page 347 - ... shall be the velocity of the water at the bottom of the fall, or the number of feet that the water there moves per second. 3. Divide the velocity of the...
Page 580 - Way, which undoubtedly is nothing but a stratum of fixed stars. And as this latter immense starry bed is not of equal breadth or lustre in every part, nor runs on in one straight direction, but is curved and even divided into two streams along a very considerable portion of it, we may likewise expect the greatest variety in the strata of the clusters of stars and nebula.