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the relation between the two kingdoms, the inhabitants of both multiply in proportion, so that no species should perish.

Thus, Oman, abundance and pleasure surround thee on every side; for it is for thee that the Creator has made the vegetables so astonishingly fruitful: It is for thy support, thy pleasure, and thy health, that he has produced such variety of plants, and in such great abundance. Count, if you can, what covers one single field; thcir num. ber is inconceivable; and this innumerable multitude is an image of the immensity and omnipotence of the Lord; who, throughout all nature,

openeth his hand, and filleth all things living “ with plenteousness."

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NOTHING is more worthy of admiration than the revolutions which spring occasions upon our globe. In autumn, every valley, field, and forest, present us with the image of death ; and, in winter, nature is deprived of every ornament. All the animals are melancholy; the inhabitants of the forest conceal themselves, and are silent: the earth becomes a vast solitude, a desert, a grave; and nature appears to be fallen into a state of lethargy and insensibility. In the mean time she silently labours, whilst we, alas ! forget the secret influence of Divine Power, preparing for us the renewal of nature. „All that appeared dead is again animated, and every thing waits for the same revival. In the trees alone, what endless


changes take place ! First, the sap (which in winter had entirely forsaken the trunk and branches) rises slowly up through its invisible channels, and particularly under the bark, through ways which can only be guessed at, but not discovered. This sap serves to swell the buds : and how many treasures of the Divine Power are there not contained in those little recesses ! the leaves, with their cheerful green ; boughs which are to pierce between the leaves when opened ; new buds upon those boughs, fuil of leaves, though, still invisible; then, that multitude of blossoms, with the sweet exhalatious which embalm the air ; in those blossoms fruit; and in the fruit the seeds of an infinite number of other trees. The cheerful light of the sun transports and animates the soul, and the activity of nature, in the plants around us, charms the sight. There is not a field, which does not present a beautiful landscape to the eye, and flowers to the smell. Almost every bird sings its hymn with more or less melody. How cheerful the song of the linnet, hopping from branch to branch ! She extends her voice, as if she had formed the design of particularly drawing the attention of man, to delight him. The sprightly lark rises in the air, and seems to salute the day and the spring with her shrill note. The cattle, by their various cries, express the joy with which they are animated. In the rivers we see the fish, which, during the winter, had fallen frozen and motionless to the bottom of the water, now rising near the surface. They have recovered their former vivacity; and their pliant, gentle, pleasing motions, amuse our sight. Oh! how can we so often behold all these objects, and not continually feel the most profound and respectful admiration of the greatness of that eterVOL. II.



nal Being, whose power so gloriously manifests it. self! O! let us never contemplate a tree crowned with leaves, a field covered with waving corn, a meadow enamelled with flowers, a majestic forest; let us never gather a flower, nor walk in a garden, without recollecting, that it is God who gives us the delightful shade of trees; that it is he who makes the flowers so beautiful, and gives us their perfume ; that it is God who clothes the woods and meads with their beautiful verdure, so pleasing to the sight; God who gives life and happiness to every creature; God, through whom we have our existence, and enjoy the sweets of spring.

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MAN, properly speaking, is the only animal who can be said to have language ; and it is particularly by this circumstance that he shews his superiority over all other animated beings. It is by means of speech that lie extends his empire over all nature: that he rises towards his divine Author : contemplates, adores, and obeys him. It is by this faculty, that he learns to know himself and all the creatures around him; and to make them serve for his use. Every animal but man is deprived of this faculty, because they are void of reason ; and it is reason which capacitates us to learn languages, and the use of speech. But as animals make their wants and feelings known by natural signs; as they utter certain sounds, which express the sensations that affect them,


one may so far allow they have a sort of language. The variety of these tones, their number, , their use, and the order in which they follow one another, form the essential parts of their language. To form a just idea of it, it is not necessary to have recourse to deep researches: it is enough to observe the animals daily before our eyes, and with whom we have a sort of intimate connection. Examine the hen with her chicks: if she finds any food, she calls and invites them to it. They understand her and come instantly. If they have lost sight of this tender mother, their plaintive cries express their anguish, and desire to see her again. Attend to the different crows of the cock, when a stranger or a dog comes into the poultry-yard, when a kite, or any other enemy appears, and when he calls or answers his hens. What do these lamentable cries of the turkey mean? See her chicks all on a sudden concealing themselves, and lying so quiet, one would say they were dead. The mother looks up to the sky, and her anxiety increases ; but what is it she sees there? A black speck, which we can scarce distinguish ; and this speck is a bird of prey, which could not escape the vigilant and piercing eyes of this mother. The bird of prey disappears. The hen gives a scream of joy. Her anxiety is at an end. The chicks revive, and gather again happily about their mother. There is such variety in the language of the dog, it is so rich and fruitful, that it would be enough of itself to fill a dictionary. Who can be insensible to the joy that this faithful servant shews at the return of his master. He jumps, he dances, he runs here and there, turns quick and lightly round his master, stops all at once ; fixes his eyes on him, with the greatest tenderness ; draws near him; and licks and ca.



resses him repeatedly. Then, beginning his play again, he disappears, and returns dragging something after him; puts himself into all sorts of pret, ty attitudes; barks; tells every body how happy he is; and shews his joy a thousand ways. But how different are these sounds, from those noises he makes at the sound of a robber, or those he makes on seeing a wolf. If we follow a dog in the chace, we see how he makes himself understood by all his motions, and particularly with his tail. How well adapted his signs are to the discoveries he wishes to make! This affords us an opportunity to admire the wisdom and goodness of the sile prene Being. What beneficent attention he has shown towards animals, in granting them the power to express by sounds their wants and feelings ! From their organization, and the nature of their souls, it was impossible they should speak the human language; but they would have been much more to be pitied, and less useful to us, if the Creator had entirely deprived them of the power of making themselves understood. To compensate them for the want of speech, he endowel them with the address to communicate, by a thousand little ways, their feelings to one another, as well as to mankind. He has given them organs proper to produce and vary a certain number of sounds; and their make is such, that each species has particular and distinct sounds, by which they make themselves understood. In a word, the Creator has given as much force to the language of animals as their nature would admit of, and all that the end for which they were created required. The language of animals consists only in a number of inarticulate and imperfect sounds. They have no ideas, but those prompted by their senses; because they are incapable of learning a


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