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adopted agreed amendments American Annals answered Anti-Federalists assembled authority believed Bill of Rights called carried cause chosen citizens claimed clause committee common compromise condition Congress considered Constitution convention Court danger debate decision delegates discussion effect election electors Elliot equal established executive exist expressed favor Federal Federalists give given Hampshire Henry History House hundred important independent interests issue January Jefferson John judiciary June Justice legislature letter limited Madison majority March Maryland Massachusetts matter ment nature necessary never North Carolina objections opinion organized party passed Pennsylvania persons political precedent President prevent principles proposed provision question ratification rejected replied representatives resolution respect secure Senate slave slavery South sovereignty stitution territory thought tion treaty Union United Vermont Virginia vote Washington whole wished York
Page 487 - But we think the sound construction of the constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion, with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution, which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it, in the manner most beneficial to the people.
Page 631 - I do not expect the house to fall, but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push it forward till it shall become alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new, North as well as South.
Page 551 - Now I protest against the counterfeit logic which concludes that because I do not want a black woman for a slave I must necessarily want her for a wife. I need not have her for either. I can just leave her alone.
Page 479 - The opinion of the judges has no more authority over Congress than the opinion of Congress has over the judges, and on that point the President is independent of both.
Page 486 - ... the government of the Union, though limited in its powers, is supreme within its sphere of action. This would seem to result necessarily from its nature. It is the government of all; its powers are delegated by all; it represents all, and acts for all. Though any one state may be willing to control its operations, no state is willing to allow others to control them. The nation, on those subjects on which it can act, must necessarily bind its component parts.
Page 260 - No law varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
Page 487 - Let the end be legitimate, let it be within the scope of the Constitution, and all means which are appropriate, which are plainly adapted to that end, which are not prohibited, but consistent with the letter and spirit of the Constitution, are constitutional.
Page 552 - God, it is now proving itself, a stumbling block to all those who in after times might seek to turn a free people back into the hateful paths of despotism. They knew the proneness of prosperity to breed tyrants, and they meant when such should reappear in this fair land and commence their vocation, they should find left for them at least one hard nut to crack.
Page 546 - Measures, is hereby declared inoperative and void : it being the true intent and meaning of this act, not to legislate slavery into any territory or state, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to leave the people thereof perfectly free to form and regulate their domestic institutions in their own way, subject only to the constitution of the United States...
Page 552 - This they said, and this they meant. They did not mean to assert the obvious untruth that all were then actually enjoying that equality, nor yet that they were about to confer it immediately upon them. In fact, they had no power to confer such a boon. They meant simply to declare the right, so that enforcement of it might follow as fast as circumstances should permit.