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THESE LECTURES

ARE DEDICATED, BY THEIR AUTHOR,

FIRST.

70 ALL EVANGELICAL, OR LOW-CHURCH EPISCOPALIANS, AND TO ALL NON

EPISCOPAL, AND EVANGELICAL COMMUNIONS, WHOSE COMMON

INTEREST AND DUTY IT IS TO OPPOSE THE EXCLUSIVE

ASSUMPTIONS OF

POPERY AND HIGH-CHURCHISM.

SECONDLY.

TO THE MEMBERS OF THE SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, CHARLESTON, s. c.

FOR WHOSE IMMEDIATE BENEFIT THEY WERE ORIGINALLY PREPARED ;

BY WHOSE COUNSEL THEY WERE PUBLICLY DELIVERED ; AND

BY WHOSE SUBSTANTIAL ASSISTANCE, THEY ARE

NOW PUBLISHED TO THE WORLD:

AND, THIRDLY.

*O THE REV. SAMUEL MILLER, D. D. AND REV. ARCHIBALD ALEXANDER,

D.

THE LONG-TRIED AND FAITHFUL ADVOCATES AND FRIENDS

OF THE

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH;

TO WHOSE LABORS ITS BISHOPS, ELDERS, AND CHURCH MEMBERS,

ARE UNDER DEEP AND LASTING OBLIGATION,

2616-13

From the unprecedented haste with which the Volume has been carried through the press, many mistakes in names and references, both in the body of the work and the Index, may have escaped the notice of the Author, who has done all he possibly could to avoid them.

ADVERTISEMENT.

The present Volume, while complete in itself, and therefore published under its distinctive title, formed only the First Part of a Course of LECTURES ON PRELACY AND PRESBYTERY. The Second Part, which will constitute a second Volume, and which is in a state of prepaation, will embrace discussions, more or less full, of the following topics :

I. The True Apostolical or Ministerial Succession claimed by Presbyterians—in which it will be shown that this claim has been always urged, and the ignorance of some Prelatists on this point exposed.

II. This claim of Presbyters justified by Scripture-in which the condition of the church during our Lord's Ministry will be considered, and some general topics debated.

III. This claim of Presbyters sustained by Scripture, continued-in which the arguments from the Apostolic Church will be entered upon.

IV. This claim of Presbyters sustained by Scripture, in which the arguments from the Apostolic Church will be continued.

V. This claim of Presbyters sustained by Scripture, and objections answered, in which the argument will be concluded.

VI. This claim of Presbyters sustained by the testimony of the Apostolic Fathers.

VII. This claim of Presbyters sustained by the testimony of the Primitive Fathers.

VIII. This claim of Presbyters sustained by the testimony of later Fathers.

IX. This claim of Presbyters sustained by the testimony of later Fathers and Divines—of the most eminent Reformersand of many of the most eminent of the English divines.

X. The antiquity of Presbyterianism, including an account of the Culdees.

XI. The true Liberality, Catholicity and Security of Presbyterianism.

XII. The Republicanism of Presbyterianism.

BY THE SAME AUTHOR. AN ECCLESIASTICAL CATECHISM OF THE PRESBY

TERIAN CHURCH, for the use of families, Bible Classes, and private families. Second edition—much improved. TRACTS ON PRESBYTERIANISM; 1 vol. 12mo. SOLACE FOR BEREAVED PARENTS: Or, INFANTS

DIE TO LIVE. With an historical account of the Doctrine of Infant Salvation, and Select Thoughts in Poetry and Prose. A FORM FOR THE SOLEMNIZATION OF MATRI

MONY, according to the order of the Presbyterian Church.

CONTENTS.

LECTURE I.

THE NECESSITY FOR THIS DISCUSSION-IN WHICH THE QUESTION IS STATED

THE NECESSITY FOR ITS DISCUSSION ILLUSTRATED—AND THE PLAN OF THE

ARGUMENT DEVELOPED.

It is the object of this Lecture to explain the nature of those claims

assumed by Prelatists; and by which the right of other communions to a

fellowship in the privileges of the one, holy, catholic, and apostolical

church is denied, 2.—The bigotry of Prelatists towards all other denomi-

nations, and their demand for the investigation of their claims, 3.—Some

of the reasons which have led to this discussion, 5.-: First, This discus-

sion of these high and exclusive claims, we owe to their authors and

abettors; secondly, we are under obligation to institute this investigation,

by a due regard to our character and just claims, which are both-this

doctrine being true entirely overthrown, 9;—thirdly, such an examina-

tion is demanded by the cause of truth and liberty, 13;—as a fourth

reason, we are summoned to this enterprise by the claims of charity and

peace, 18;-fifthly, to this defensive warfare for the maintenance and

preservation of our spiritual rights, we are imperatively summoned by the

memory of our fathers, 20.—NOTE A. The bigotry of Prelatists further

illustrated, by a reference to their opinions of the different christian

denominations, 23.-Note B. On High-churchism, 29.-Note C. Dr.

Rice on the necessity of this controversy, 29 ;—the call of charity, 30.-

NOTE D Our Scottish fathers, 30.

LECTURE II.

THE TRIBUNAL: BY WHICH THIS PRELATICAL DOCTRINE OF APOSTOLICAL SUC-

CESSION MUST BE ADJUDICATED.

This necessity to be decided, 34.—This tribunal is the written word of God,

34-35.—The question at issue fully stated, 37 and 44: 1. Many churches

make these same claims, and therefore we must try them all by the
written word, 45 ; 2. If these church principles are essential, they must
be found in scripture, 48-51. Note A. –The doctrine further illustrated
from prelatic writers, 152.-NOTE B._ Further authorities in support of

our first position, 53-54.—Note C. Further authorities for demanding

clear scripture evidence, 54.

LECTURE III.

THE SAME SUBJECT-CONTINUED.

3. We demand clear scripture proof, because these principles constitute new

terms of communion with the church universal, which Christ alone is

competent to prescribe, 56-60 ; 4. This demand is in accordance with the

doctrine and the spirit of Protestantism, 60-67 ; 5. This demand is further

made, because it is a right admitted and acted upon, whenever needed, by

our opponents themselves, 67-74.

LECTURE IV.

THE SAME SUBJECT-CONCLUDED.

Recapitulation. 75-76 ; 6. Before allowing to fathers, councils, or the practice

of the church an authority, coördinate with, or interpretative of, the Bible,

evidence of not less weight than that given for the Word of God, must

be produced, 76-82 ; 7. We demand this unquestionable evidence, because

of the unreasonableness of the whole scheme, in itself considered, 82-

87.—The conclusion from the whole argument drawn, namely: that this

clear evidence must be given-that Prelacy, however, as is admitted, is

not thus revealed in the scripture, 87-92,- Prelacy, therefore, is untrue,

and to urge it as fundamental is wrong, 93-94.-Two inferences drawn:

1. Presbytery, as contrasted with Prelacy, is characterized by a fearless-

ness of scripture, 94-96 ; 2. Also by its reverence for the Word of God,

96-98.--NOTE A. The authority of the fathers, 100-101.-Note B. Tes-

timony of fathers.-Note C. Prelacy not in Scripture, 103.

LECTURE V.

THE TESTS BY WHICH THIS PRELATICAL DOCTRINE OF APOSTOLICAL SUCCESSION

MUST BE TRIED.

This unbroken succession to be proved, not one of ministers, but of prelates,

106.—This succession must be shown to have originated with Christ,

107.—This order, supposing it to have been thus originated, must be

shown to have been designed as perpetual and unalterable, 107-108. Also,

to have been instituted by all the apostles, under the guidance of inspira-

tion, 108-109. Also, that it was made of fundamental importance, 109-

110.-We must have equally satisfactory proof for the validity of every

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